Friday, 20 December 2013

The History of Christmas

  Happy Holidays everyone and for those that feel offended about me not saying "Merry Christmas" read on and tell me at the end if you think of Christmas in the same way.  Nothing I am about to write about is under any doubt with biblical scholars including Christian biblical scholars.  It is simply the history of Christmas much of which you may find shocking.

  First many Christians believe Jesus was born on December 25th but this is most likely not true.  First there is no date specified anywhere in the bible's New Testament of Jesus's birth year forget its day.  The year can be deduced from 2 passages, but like many things in the bible are not consistent. The first is Luke 3:1-23 which reads

1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,
2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;

the bible goes on to say

21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,
22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

Now this means he was born 15 years before Tiberius was in power or Augustus's 28th year of power.  This equates to 754 Anno Urbis Conditae which was the calendar in use at that time.  So 754= 1AD.  The problem is that Luke 1:1-26 puts Jesus's birth in the time of King Herod and King Herod died in 750 AUC or for you that are good at maths, 4BC. Even if you deal with the length of the pregnancy of Elisabeth and some change you are still 2+ years short of 1AD. There are many other scholars that put Jesus's birth as far back as 9 B.C.  One thing we do know, and have very good records of, is that the Romans where very good at having very detailed records of governmental actions and they show no evidence of the census Luke speaks of in Luke2:1-52

So there is some doubt to the year Jesus was born.  The day also has no evidence of even being in December.  Clement of Alexandria estimated the birth of Jesus to be in April or May 4-2B.C. (750-752 AUC).  Joseph Fitzmyer, professor emeritus at The Catholic University of America, estimates Jesus was born in September 11, 3 B.C.  It was also a common Jewish belief in those early years that great men, like Jesus, died on the day of their birth putting Jesus's birthday at March 25th.

So if December 25th isn't Jesus's Birthday then "what is going on with Christmas?" you might ask.  Well it is very clear that early Christianity co-opted the Festival of Saturnalia which was celebrated from Dec 17th to the 25th. This was a brutal holiday in the Roman Empire that concluded with the festival of Dies Natalis Solis Invicti or for you that don't speak latin it is the birthday of the unconquered sun.  Saturnalia included such practices as going from house to house singing, modern day caroling, they just did it nude back in those days, eating cookies that are in the shape of people, giving of gifts between people and a few others.  The Roman Empire, in those days, was a large group of "cults".  Before you get up in arms there are plenty of Christian cults too.  The "Christmas tree" is an adoption of the Asherah symbol.  In early years of Christianity Asherah was worshiped as also the consort of Yahweh.  Hey look ... "God" had a wife!.

Santa Claus has a very interesting history.  First let me point out that despite what Fox News will have you believe Saint Nicholas was not white. He was born it what is now Turkey.  So instead of looking like this
rather he probably looked like this 
Not very "white" but very indicative of the region he was born.  He was also part of the Council of Nicaea that was responsible for the creation of the New Testament in 325.  Centuries after his death his remains where brought to Italy where there used to be a belief that an ancient female deity would put gifts in stockings.  This seems to be a merger of a fable of Saint Nicholas placing gold coins in he stockings of 3 poor girls. The cult of Nicholas promoted the change of gift giving from Dec 6th, the day he died, to December 25.  Another part to incorporate pagans of the time into the Christian faith.  In the early 1800's Dr C. Moore published "Twas the night before Christmas".  Later in the 1800's Thomas Nast illustrated a more jolly Santa and assigned him a home in the North Pole.  In 1931 Coca-Cola finished the transformation of Saint Nicholas into the modern image we have of Santa.

The practice of forcing Jewish people to run, nearly naked, through the streets of Rome, a throw back to the early Saturnalia festival, was only stopped by Pope Clement IX in 1668.  A practice that lasted just over 2 centuries after Pope Paul II revived the practice in 1466.  This practice was again altered in the 1700s to force rabbis in Rome to walk through the streets while dressed in degrading costumes and having items thrown at them by on lookers.  A petition sent to Pope Gregory XVI to stop the practice received the reply of "It is not opportune to make any innovation"

It is because of the pagan origins of Christmas that the Puritans banned Christmas in Massachusetts for over 20 years in the mid 1600s. They didn't accept the holiday since the primary purpose of its creation was to appease pagans and fold them into the Christian faith.  Today this type of practice would be similar to "lying for Jesus" a practice where some Christians justify lying to others if it serves what they believe to be the greater good of Christianity.

Today's holiday's roots do run very deep but today's version is very recent.  Many Christians believe it has been a wonderful holiday for the last 2,000 years but the reality is for 90% of that time it was a very cruel holiday that used old pagan traditions to persecute the Jewish people.

Should you not celebrate Christmas because of this?  I wouldn't say that. I would say you should know were your holiday came from.  Know its good parts and its bad parts.  Celebrate your savior if you so wish but understand it is not his birthday.   Know that Saint Nicholas was  middle eastern and not anglo-saxon just like Jesus was not blond hair and blue eyed but also was of middle eastern descent.  Next time you hear someone say Jesus or Santa was white...point out that you don't like when they lie for Jesus and if they aren't lying then they should learn the truth about their religious figures and embrace their heritage. Hopefully their heads won't explode when you explain that they are middle eastern and not white.

Monday, 4 November 2013

If you consider your self religious then please learn about your religion and where it came from!

  Does the average Christian out there find it embarrassing that the average atheist knows more about the Christian religion then most Christians do?  Christians shouldn't feel alone though.  Atheist on average know more about all religions then any other group based on belief.  Mormons and evangelicals can feel good that they know slightly more about the bible and Christianity then the average atheist but not much.
  This quick rant was triggered by reading a bunch of ignorant Christians bitch about how they would not thank Allah because Allah is a false god or something similar.  Allah is the same God as Yahweh and Jehovah.  All three religions are Abrahamic religions.  They all have the same roots.  They all worship the same "God".  Sure there are differences in the religions but that doesn't change the fact that you worship the same "God".  Within Christianity there are over 40,000 different denominations and some very radical differences between them too.  There is a joke about how there are as many different denominations of Christianity as there are Christians.
  So please before you bag another religion actually learn about it and while you are at it learn about your own religion at the same time.  If you just want to believe as you do now without learning more then keep you mouth shut about other religions.  In fact take some advice from Saint Augustine.
"Usually, even a non-Christian knows something about the earth, the heavens, and the other elements of this world, about the motion and orbit of the stars and even their size and relative positions, about the predictable eclipses of the sun and moon, the cycles of the years and the seasons, about the kinds of animals, shrubs, stones, and so forth, and this knowledge he hold to as being certain from reason and experience. Now, it is a disgraceful and dangerous thing for an infidel to hear a Christian, presumably giving the meaning of Holy Scripture, talking nonsense on these topics; and we should take all means to prevent such an embarrassing situation, in which people show up vast ignorance in a Christian and laugh it to scorn. The shame is not so much that an ignorant individual is derided, but that people outside the household of faith think our sacred writers held such opinions, and, to the great loss of those for whose salvation we toil, the writers of our Scripture are criticized and rejected as unlearned men. If they find a Christian mistaken in a field which they themselves know well and hear him maintaining his foolish opinions about our books, how are they going to believe those books in matters concerning the resurrection of the dead, the hope of eternal life, and the kingdom of heaven, when they think their pages are full of falsehoods and on facts which they themselves have learnt from experience and the light of reason? Reckless and incompetent expounders of Holy Scripture bring untold trouble and sorrow on their wiser brethren when they are caught in one of their mischievous false opinions and are taken to task by those who are not bound by the authority of our sacred books. For then, to defend their utterly foolish and obviously untrue statements, they will try to call upon Holy Scripture for proof and even recite from memory many passages which they think support their position, although they understand neither what they say nor the things about which they make assertion."
In short if you don't know about a topic keep your mouth closed in discussions about that topic in relationship to your religious beliefs.  Because you just weaken your religious position in the eyes of others.  Why should I give any credit to your religious beliefs if you make stupid statements trying to defend your religion that are easily shown to be false?

Friday, 1 November 2013

US terrorism on foreigners. When will America stop killings innocent people? Warning Graphic Pictures!

  Just one year ago on Oct 24, 2012,  Momina Bibi, a grandmother, was out picking okra with some of her grand children.  She paid for that with her life.  Her grandchildren eye witnesses to her execution.

  The people live in constant fear of US controlled drones.  But life must go on.  They hear the drones every day, 24 hours a day.  They must still tend the fields for the food.  They must still carry about their day.  Sure, this family had never been hit by a drone strike before but it wasn't uncommon for innocent people to be killed by drones.

   The number of people killed by US drone strikes isn't easy to pin down but the best estimates range from 2,526 to 3,621.  Of which between 416 and 948 innocent civilians have been killed, depending on how you classify some of the young men aged and boys.  What is clear is that over 150 children have been killed by US controlled drone strikes.

  On Oct 24 Zubair Rehman, the 13 year old grandson of Momina, watched his grandmother literally get blown to piece.  Along with loosing his grandmother Zubair received shrapnel to his leg and had to undergo expensive surgery.  Surgery that you might think the USA paid for because they mistakenly bombed and innocent family, wounding a few children and killing a 67 year old grandmother.  But you would be wrong.  The USA government's position on this attack is vague.  They will not release any information about it.  They tried to claim 4 militants were killed in the attack but Momina was the only fatality.  When further questioned Caitlin Hayden, from the NSC, called the strike "Precise, lawful, and effective."  WTF?  Precise? Yea you blew a 67 year old lady picking Okra in a field from a drone flying high over head.  I guess that is "precise".  Lawful?  You have to be a huge scum bag of a lawyer to call killing a 67 year old grand mother "lawful".  Effective?  You have to be a huge fucking idiot to call it effective unless being a terrorist is your goal.  Because these innocent families live in constant fear.

  The kids no longer want to go to school and they come from a long line of educators.  Zubair's father is a teacher.  Zubair's grandfather, Momina's husband, is a teacher and he said "I wish God would just take my life, I can't live without her".  Zubair testified "All of a sudden things became very dark.  It was like she was exploded to pieces.". The kids don't like it when the skies are clear because that is when the drones are used the most. They live in fear because the US drones that circle over head.  They live in fear because the USA is terrorizing them. It is as plain and simple as that.

  So not only are they terrorized by the USA but the government won't even explain why the mistake happened or even acknowledge a mistake was made.  They call it "collateral damage".  The issue is the American public don't want to know about the problem.  For fuck sake the politicians don't want to know about the problem either.  Only 5 members of Congress listened to these families, and there was more then just this one family, at the briefing.  Rep Alan Grayson from Florida, Rep Jan Schakowsky from Illinois, Rep Rush Holt from New Jersey, Rep John Conyers from Michigan, and Rep Rick Nolan from Minnesota.  Why?  Because most American's don't know, or don't care, about the damage the US drone program causes.  The people killed, even if innocent, are non-people.  They aren't as important as you, your brother, your mother, your friend, your neighbor or even some guy in the next town over that you've never even met before.  The less you think about the victims of US military actions the better is the position of most Americans.  I can say that because the evidence shows it to be true.  If American's cared that we, as a nation, are responsible for hundreds and even thousands of children loosing their lives from US military actions then our politicians would know it.  They'd care because you care.  They'd know you cared because you would let them know you care.  Every time another one of these reports surfaced you'd contact your representative.  You call your senator.  You'd petition the White House to stop the terrorism perpetrated by the USA via our military and civilian combat programs.

  In the past war was out of sight but US casualties kept it in our minds.  The knock on the door of 2 men in uniform to tell the family that their son has died.  If you didn't get the knock yourself you probably knew someone that did.  So while the images of war wasn't there we had a sense that there is a price to military action taken on by the USA.  In Vietnam we got exposed to not only those knocks but we also had a lot more understanding what was going on via returning vets and journalists.  Pictures that are now timeless that show not only the ugly face of war but let the people know that the USA isn't always the good guy.

  The young people today might not really understand the image above.  Sure the kids look scared but so what?!  Well lets look at Kim Phuc, the little naked girl there today.  She was a victim of a US Napalm attack.  For those of you that don't know it is a disgusting incendiary weapon that was designed to stick to flesh as it burned.  Think of it as hand sanitizing gell that is a LOT more flammable and a lot stickier.  Back then, in 1972, using it on civilians wasn't "illegal".  The UN didn't declare it a war crime until 8 years later.  Unfortunately that didn't help Kim.  Napalm burns at temperatures of 800-1200 Celsius.  For those that are metric impaired that is 1,500-2,200 Fahrenheit or 8-12 times hotter then boiling water.  The problem is that the drones are today's Napalm.  The government calls them lawful and effective but ignore the children and innocent people that are killed by them.  Kim is actually lucky.  She survived.  She lived through the pain of almost being burned to death.  Zubair survived.  He lived through the drone attack that killed his grandmother, wounded him, his sister and a few of his cousins.

  The issue now is that journalists in the USA refuse to publish images that the American people NEED to see.  Images that should outrage all American's.  Images that should stir you to act.  To contact your politicians.  To stop the USA's terrorism program.  We as a nation can not hold the moral high ground and complain when some "evil dictator" kills a few kids when our nation has been responsible for the deaths of hundreds if not thousands of children in Afghanistan alone.  We can not complain about Assad killing a few hundred kids with chemical weapons if we, as a nation, allowed our government to kill hundreds of innocent children with unmanned aerial vehicles.  Just because we are using weapons that have yet to be declared as a war crime if used against civilians doesn't give us the moral high ground over some dictator killing children with chemical weapons.  A dead child is a dead child.  The method of killing them isn't what should outrage you it is their death in the first place that should make you scream.

You should look at these and jump into action.  Remember when the Boston marathon bombing happened?  How outraged where you?  Sure the journalist showed the images over and over but those are images of American's being terrorized, injured and killed.  What about these kids?  Where is your outrage for them?  Where is your posts on Facebook showing support for their families?  Where is your insistence that those responsible for their deaths are brought to justice.  Sadly those you have elected are often the closest you'll get to seeing who is directly responsible.  Look in a mirror and you'll probably see someone that is indirectly responsible.  Someone who, through inaction, allows this to happen.

  The dynamic has changed though.  We no longer have lots of knocking on doors.  Most of you may not know someone that has either died or lost a love one to the current military conflicts going on.  The US "news" outlets seem to weak to expose the public to the ugly side of war.  To many people would look away in disgust.  To many people would call the journalist unpatriotic.  Both these types people disgust me in one way or another.  Every adult should have some understanding of the cost of war.  Right now to many American's call others terrorists because they strap a bomb to themselves and kill themselves and others in an attempt to change things.  But when American's pay lots of money to have foreigners killed without getting their hands dirty at all it they think it is right and just.  It isn't because the policies that control these strikes are flawed.  The people executing these strikes are flawed.  The intelligence gathered that these strikes are based on are flawed and to many innocent people are getting killed.  If you have a program where you know at least 25% of the people you kill are not guilty then there is a major fucking problem. If you don't do anything to stop this program then you are part of the problem.

  Right now the majority of American's support the drone program.  But how many people support the use of a strategy that kills the wrong target at least 25% of the time?  Who supports a program where over 5% of the people killed are innocent children?  Who in their right mind thinks this is "lawful and effective".

  If that all doesn't stir you then think of it this way.  The "interpretation" of the laws that is being used right in the US drone program allows the government to execute you, with out any trial or even oversight from any judge if you are overseas.  There is even grey areas about there use on, or rather above, American soil.

  Take back control of your government.  Let them know you aren't going to let them do what ever they want any more. That it isn't in the best interest of the USA and it's citizens to be terrorizing people half way around the world just because we have more expensive military toys.

Friday, 4 October 2013

Your government held hostage by republicans!

It is crazy.  Our government is being held hostage by Americans voted for to run our government.  There is blame going both ways and there is normally 2 sides to every story and this one does too.  The difference here is that one side is very definitely lying about the situation which involves the Debt Ceiling and the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

So if you live in a cave here is what is being said by both sides.

Many republicans including the leadership:
"We want to fund the government and we want to give the American people what they want with regards to the ACA."

What a few republicans and all democrats are saying:
"We want to fund the government and will not let a few republicans hold the entire nation hostage in a attempt to kill the ACA."

Now what is the situation?

Well there are 2 parts to this.  One is funding the government by raising the debt ceiling.  This involves allowing the government to get the funding they need to pay bills they have ALREADY incurred.  This has happened, automatically many times. The only times it hasn't is when the republicans try to hold the country hostage over some legislation that they don't like but still passed.  This isn't new spending.  This isn't money for new stuff.  It is paying the bills you already have.

  It would be like going and getting a mobile phone that isn't pre paid.  Signing a contract saying you'll pay $25 a month for a certain plan.  Using your phone for that entire month using all the benefits of the plan you signed up for.  At the end of the month when you get your bill you then refuse to pay and tell the phone company that you won't pay unless they provide you electricity in the Antarctic.

  Sadly this is what to many American's think ...that not raising the debt ceiling now is the way you stop spending later.  This is like thinking by not paying your bills now that you won't buy that new toy tomorrow.  How about pay the bills we've incurred, stop fighting wars we can't afford, stop buying tanks our military doesn't want, start asking the extremely wealth to actually pay their fair share!
The second demand has nothing to do with your phone plan.  The second part being the affordable health care act which the republicans claim most people don't want.  What is the reality tho?  The fact is that Obama was re-elected on a platform that was clear that the ACA was going to be implemented.  Citizens voted and he was placed back in office.  The law was legislated and even challenged as unconstitutional but the highest court of the land ruled that it is constitutional.  It has been challenged over 40 times in congress, costing the American tax payer about $2.5 million each time it has been, and won every single time.  The president is willing to talk about sensible changes to the ACA but will not have the government held hostage over it.

  The talking heads in the republican party would have you think they are willing to "compromise" but this is like a hostage taker saying they'll compromise on how many millions of dollars they'll get while they hold a gun to your child's head.  All of the "compromises" equate to the same thing.  Death of the ACA.

  The republicans are lying when they say they say they will compromise and the democrats are unwilling.

  Too many American's don't understand even the basic premise of the ACA.  Many American's don't even know that "Obamacare" and the ACA are one and the same.  No wonder with the smear campaign using misinformation against the ACA.  One can argue that the ACA is complicated and you would be right.  But the issue is complicated.  How can you unfuck a broken health care system that leaves out so many Americans with a "simple" system.  It is like complaining that you can't cure a genetic disorder by taking an aspirin.  The executive branch hasn't explained the program very well either.  Some of the confusion arises from introduced bits as "compromises" that republicans asked for.

  Here is the ideal ACA premiss.

  • Health care should be attainable by all American.
  • Most American should be able to pay for private health insurance.
  • Insurance companies should not be able to deny health insurance to those that need it most.
  • Insurance companies should not be able to stop providing insurance to those that need to use the insurance they supposedly have.
  • The government should subsidise health care for those that are of lower income status.
  • Women shouldn't have to pay more for health care then men.
  • Health care should not have their costs artificially and arbitrarily inflated.
  For those that want specifics and more detail then go here.  Just don't complain that it is to complicated.  If you want to know the mysteries of the universe then you can't complain that you have to understand things like quantum physics, general and special relativity. 

This is achievable because insurance companies that previously denied benefits to individuals either for pre-existing conditions or cut off benefits to individuals that end up needed said benefits now can offset that risk by knowing that everyone will be covered.  

  Many people complain that they shouldn't have to be covered medically.  But we require people who drive to have insurance.  Some might say that people can choose not to drive and thus not pay car insurance so some people should be able to choose not to receive health care and not pay insurance.  The difference is somebody that doesn't drive doesn't all of a sudden find themselves behind the wheel of a car.  People who are healthy DO find themselves faced with an unexpected illness or injury.  People don't often just agree to lay down and die but will seek medical attention. 

  The biggest cause of bankruptcy is from medical bills.  This means that the bills remain unpaid.  People without insurance also end up using forms of care that are inherently more expensive like emergency rooms.  Going to a general practitioner to get looked at is much less expensive then going to the emergency room and taking up a spot that is geared up for situations that are more life threatening.  

  Another part is getting the cost of health care down.  Right now in the USA health care is the free market gone crazy.  Do you know you can pay 20x or more for medication in the USA then you would in other countries.  Same medication! Why is this?  Well in places like Australia, England and Canada the government says "Hey we'll put medication x on our pharmaceutical benefits scheme but you have to make the cost reasonable!"  The government then will subsidise the cost of the medication a bit.  People still have the choice to use medication that is not on the pharmaceutical benefits scheme if they choose.  So what happens is the pharmaceutical companies still make money and the people don't get ripped off unless they choose to be.  

  This doesn't just happen with drugs.  It happens all over the place.  Sure this does mean that you might end up paying more if you choose to use something that isn't on some government benefit scheme but that is your choice.  For example the government goes to companies and says "We want product x with these specifications" and those companies come back with their solutions and a the cheapest ones that meet the specifications are chosen to go on a benefits scheme.  Those companies know that they'll sell more so their margins can be lower.  This doesn't stop other companies from making more expensive products and does not stop you, the consumer, from using those companies.  What it does do allow most American's to access that product at a reasonable price.  In health care this is especially important because if you are told "You need medication x to stay alive." you shouldn't be held to ransom to pay 20x the reasonable cost of that medication.  Really what are you going to say?  "No I refuse to pay!" which in reality many people are forced to do when they can't afford to access the health care they need.  Others access that health care but end up going bankrupt and the rich just pay the costs and move on.

  Health care shouldn't be a luxury.  If governments can say that "Internet access" is a basic human right I'm sure that basic health care should be one too!

Watch this video.  There is a lot of humour in it but it is very informative too.  You'll find yourself laughing then a bit disgusted when you realise that while some of it sounds ridiculous it is actually all true.

  What the republicans need to do is let the government be funded no strings attached because it is a bill the government has already incurred.  Then if they want to make changes to the ACA then that is another matter that can be handled separately.  Note almost every other time they've done this they've just tried to kill the entire thing not make it better.  Also note that the basic plan is THEIR PLAN!  The individual mandate is a republican idea.  Many people might not like it but, at present, it is the most logical plan on the table.  The government is all about doing what is best for the citizens as a whole even if they don't understand it.  Ask all Americans if they would like medical care if they are injured.  See how many people say "no".  That should be the same number of people that support reform in the health care sector.

Tuesday, 24 September 2013

My German heritage makes me proud.

While much of the rest of the world says it is to hard, to expensive or not even possible Germany is doing it.  What are they doing you ask?  Converting over to renewable energy sources like wind and solar.  They are doing it at a very nice pace to.  They are putting the change ahead of corporate greed.  They are giving control back to the people.

  For those of you that don't know Germany has a big push and big incentives for people to do things like install solar panels.  There are many people that take out loans to install solar systems that end up not only providing all the power needs for those people but also produces enough excess power to actually pay for the loans and maintenance of the solar power systems.

  This makes me think about the Berkeley professor that redid his house to use more efficient lights and appliances and at the same time install a solar panel system.  The professor paid for the entire conversion by adding on to his existing home loan.  The money the professor saved by going off the grid was more then the increase in his mortgage payment.  It can be done if people want to make the effort.

  Back in July Germany produced over 5.1TWh of power via solar. This broke the record of renewable energy generation previously held by wind turbines of 5TWh.  Germany is looking to get 80% of its energy needs from renewables by 2050 and at this rate Germany will have no trouble not only meeting that goal but exceeding it.

  So successful is the German model that corporations that own old fossil fuel power plants are trying to threaten to leave Germany.  To me that is a bit like a bully threatening a little kid that they'll to go to another school and beat up someone else.  The fact that these corporations are having a hard headed approach to changing to the markets is very telling.

  This is all something that the USA should have been doing back in the late 70s and early 80s but oil corporations lobbied the Reagan administration hard and not only put a stop to changes President Carter put in place but even had solar panels removed from the White House.  Carter said the following "a generation from now, this solar heater can either be a curiosity, a museum piece, an example of a road not taken, or it can be a small part of one of the greatest and most exciting adventures ever undertaken by the American people; harnessing the power of the Sun to enrich our lives as we move away from our crippling dependence on foreign oil."  Well a generation and a half later we are basically at the same point.  Obama had panels put back into the White House in 2010.  30 years have gone by.  30 years not completely wasted but not even close to being even partially realised.

  This revolution can either be one that the USA can be spear heading and profiting from or one that the USA can watch from the side lines and resort to being just another consumer dependent on other countries for the market and innovations.

  All this is ignoring the benefits of renewable.  All I'm saying is that the conversion can be done.  It isn't beyond our ability.  When people say it is then they are being VERY short sighted and even more ignorant of the reality of the situation.

  Do you think it can and should be done or are you one of the above?
Which of these do you want near your home?

Or this?

Sunday, 15 September 2013

Pride and Shame - A tale of a US Marine 20 years after leaving the Corps

I am moving into a new unit this weekend.  Out of an old one I've lived in for over 15 years now.  The new one's floor plan is pretty much a mirror image of the old one. Slightly more open because the wall between the kitchen and living room was removed to give it a more open feel.  In addition everything is new.  New kitchen, new bathroom, new laundry.  New feel.  I'm excited with the change.

So over the next few days I'll be shifting my stuff up to the new unit.  It is just one over and one up.  Bit of a hassle to shift stuff but well worth it.  I've got the TV, microwave, liqueur cabinet and my music instruments that have been collecting far to much dust up there already.

I wiped down a metal plate with the Great Seal of the United States on it a few hours ago and put it in my cabinet.  For those of you that don't know much about it see the picture and read my explanation of the symbolism.

  The Eagle represents our nation. In is beak is a ribbon with words "E Pluribus Unum" meaning, "Out of Many, One" the unofficial motto of the since 1776.  When our great nation was founded.  So when people tell me "Why do you want to change the motto from 'In God We Trust', it has been that for so long!" I point out that for 180 years "E Pluribus Unum" was our motto and it is more in tune with what our fore fathers envisioned for this nation then the one we've had for less then 60 years now.  This nation was built on the principal of individual freedom.  The freedom to hold what ever religious belief a person wishes.  To worship the god of their choosing not one forced upon them by others.  To worship many gods if that is your belief and not be oppressed by a government saying your gods are not true.  Or to not worship any god as I do.

  This means people can look to their government to help bring us together.  The nation is the unifying force.  Not one persons invisible sky god.  A nation of people where the government is accountable to the people and worshipping Yahweh, Allah, Izanagi, Elohim, Brahman, Jehovah, Huwa, Shangdi, any other god or gods, or not worshiping any divine being is not a factor of your citizenship or patriotism.  Where we unite as a people of a great nation for the betterment of all regardless of our religious belief compared to our countrymen.

  In the eagle's left talon are 13 arrows representing the 13 original colonies and the recognition that sometimes we, as a nation, must fight for what is right.  In the eagle's right talon is a olive branch.  A symbol of peace while the eagles head is turned towards the olive branch signifying our nation's strong urge for peace and not war.

  This symbolism is especially significant these days.  Where we have the chance to achieve so much through diplomacy with other nations to get an outcome that is better for all with only  a credible threat of war in the back ground.  I wonder with the massacre occurring in Syria how will our grand children look upon us for our actions and inaction's? It saddens me that the politics of the world cares so little for so many killed in that civil war.  At least some progress may be made to remove the chemical weapons without going to war.  That said I fail to see what difference it makes if someone is killed by a bullet to the head or exposed to a nerve agent or something similar.  Not many of you would know that I've had a lot of training dealing with chemical weapons while in the USMC.  Some may have heard an odd story hear or there pertaining to some of the more comical situations I found myself in.  What I can tell you is this.  If I had to choose how to go, by bullet or by gas, I would not care.  The end result is the same.  The person responsible for my death is not more or less evil for killing me one way over another.  Thus when a few dozen people die from a chemical attack we should not be out raged by the chemical attack.  We should be outraged by the slaughter of dozens of people.  Should we feel less for Jews and others shot by Nazi's then those that were gassed? No we should not.

  I hope that diplomacy works in removing chemical weapons from Syria but recognize that it doesn't solve the underlying problem.  A problem that to much of the world doesn't really care about.  The use of force that has been suggested would not have solved the underlying problem either.  So in this case I take the lesser of 2 evils and support the use of diplomacy to remove, at least, one tool that government could use against its own people.

   I also just unpacked a box that I haven't seen in years.  It had an award I got from the Republic of Korea Marine Corps commandant back in 1993.  Sgt Kinney and I were the first 2 enlisted to ever receive that award.  When I opened the award I found a picture of me in my dress blues.  So many conflicting thoughts in my head right now.  I have such a sense of pride from back then and I now have such a sense of outrage for how much our nation has deviated from the principals that made the USA great.  Not just since I've been in but for so long before.  While I'm not ashamed of anything I've ever done while serving our nation I am ashamed of so many things I was ignorant to.  When I joined the Marines I thought the biggest threat to me was from the middle east but I really did not know the real reasons why.  Even today you'll hear "reporters", because I refuse to call them journalists, say that "they hate us because they hate us!" and this is so far from the truth it isn't funny.

  The reason we are hated is because of the way we conduct ourselves as a nation and as a people.  As a nation we are self serving and take everything we can.  As a people we are largely willfully ignorant of how our nation treats the rest of the world.  We condemn foreigners for fighting for what they believe in.  Those ideals are often at odds with our "national interests".  "National interests" that may be "good" for the USA short term but often very bad for the foreign nation and end up very bad for the USA long term.  Yet if the shoe was on the other foot we would be calling Americans doing the same thing to the hostile nation "Patriots".  We condemn Bashar al-Assad for using chemical weapons but don't blink when we use white phosphorus against our "enemies".  We didn't have a problem when Saddam Hussein used chemical weapons against Iran.  Fuck we even told Saddam exactly were to send those chemical weapons for the biggest effect possible.  We quietly turned a blind eye when he also used them against his own people.  It is hard for us to try to stand on any moral high ground and say that al-Assad is committing war crimes when we ignore war crimes that our own nation commits.  It would be a lot easier to point the finger at Bashar for killing a hundred thousand of his own people if we, as a nation, were not responsible for the deaths of 20,000 civilians in Afghanistan over the last decade.

  The issue I have right now is the fact that the biggest pressure we have to fight there is to make corporations more money as we funnel money into a new war.  Not enough Americans care about 100,000 dead Syrians.  Not enough of the world care either.  The death of over 500 children in the last 18 months isn't enough because, whether you like it or not, to many people consider them as "non people".  If I could get the world to get Bashar out of control then, I hope, things would be better there.  But there are no guarantees.

  So where does that leave me.  Well like many things it is out of my hands.  I could ignore it but I've never been good at willfully ignoring stuff.  So I do what I can.  I let my elected politicians, in both countries, know how I feel.  I let people around me know how I feel, much to the disgust of some of you.  But if you've made it this far you must not be all that disgusted with my views even if you don't agree with me.  I understand how people don't want to get involved in Syria.  I only wonder what our grandchildren will think about what we did or did not do.

  If anyone has got to this point and don't want to see my rants let me know.  I'll give you the steps you need to do so that my posts don't show up in your news feeds within FB.  The only other step you  need to do is stay away from my blog, or as I call it "my online rant board"

Friday, 19 July 2013

Reality of Trayvon's murder. Do you look like a thug?

Warning: Some people may find one of the images in this blog disturbing.

Zimmerman's lawyer is as disgusting as Zimmerman is. When asked if he thought that the outcome would be different if the races were reversed he replies with 
"I think that things would have been different if George Zimmerman was black for this reason, he would have never been charged with a crime. It seems as tho what happened was an event that was being looked into by Sanford Police department, and quite honestly as we now know looked into quite well, what happened was this became the focus for a civil rights event, which again is a wonderful event to have, but they decide George Zimmerman would be the person who they were to blame and sort of use as the creation of a civil rights violation"

Now who the fuck believes that 
  • a 29 year old black man 
  • with previous charges of assaulting a police officer, resisting arrest and domestic violence 
  • carrying a loaded gun 
  • confronts a white 17 year old boy, walking home from the store, drinking ice tea and eating skittles 
  • and fatally shoots the kid in the chest

would not have been charged with a crime? That "black man" would have been tried and convicted of first degree murder. We know he went after the teenager against the police dispatcher's orders. We know he didn't want the teenager to "get away with it" showing he had premeditation to stop this teenager. My guess is that he would have also had a very good chance of getting the death penalty.

The reason this was brought up as a civil rights issue is because the cluster fuck of an investigation and how the police handled it.

  • The police don't do a criminal background check of the white shooter. 
  • They do the check on the unarmed dead black kid walking home from the store with ice tea and skittles dressed in khaki pants. 
  • They don't do any toxicology on the white shooter 
  • They do check the dead black teenage victim. 
  • They allow the white guy to travel around the police station unescorted immediately following the shooting. 
  • They don't arrest the white guy for weeks after the fatal shooting.

Everything you read about this points to the police treating this as "the black kid must have done something wrong". The police chief even says "This is all very unsettling. I'm sure if George Zimmerman had the opportunity to relive Sunday, February 26, he'd probably do things differently. I'm sure Trayvon would, too.".

Again Trayvon did NOTHING wrong. He walked home from the store. The worst thing he can be accused of is when a crazy man confronts him at night he decided to defend himself. Sure if he ran he might not have been shot in the chest. He would have been shot in the back!

The attacks on Trayvon's character are disgusting and just stupid attempts to make people who support the tragic death of this youth feel better about being raciest bigots.

Trayvon smoked some marijuana! 

Oh shit! he must be a gangsta wannabe...for fuck sake that would have meant that most of the kids I knew in high school would have been a gangsta wannabe, including myself.  For shame on the US government for issuing me with my TS clearance when I clearly told them that I smoked marijuana in high school and even had drugs harder then marijuana.  How can you trust a gangsta wannabe like me with national secrets?!?!

Trayvon may have wanted to get a gun!

Forget that there is no evidence he wanted a gun.  Perhaps if he had a gun he'd still be alive today.  But if he was alive I bet you he'd be in prison convicted of felony murder because he must have had the gun because he was intending to commit a crime because that is what black kids do.

"If you dress like a thug, people will treat you like a thug" : Geraldo Rivera

Trayvon was dressed like a thug!

He had a sweater, that had a hood, on and khaki pants with the ankles cuffed up.  Yea, every punk, going out to rob some place at night, wears khaki pants and cuffs the ankles so they don't get stopped by the fashion police.
Now this is just Geraldo opening his mouth and letting shit come out without regards for reality.  Let us look at some pictures and you ask what you think of each.  As you look at them decide as quickly as possible if you think "thug" or "not thug".  Be honest with yourself.  I bet I know what people will say for most of them.

Trayvon was walking to slow and looking around all the time!

Hmm so he looks around when he walks.  I do that too.  He was looking at houses!  OMG I do that too!  He kept looking over his shoulder.  Well if I noticed someone following me in a car while I was walking I would too.

Trayvon started to run!  

OMG after seeing someone is following him he decided to run. Or after getting rained on enough he thought he'd try to get home faster.  Either way you have a problem where he was suspicious for walking to slow and if he was running he'd also would have been suspicious.  He couldn't win!

Trayvon should have avoided the situation!  

HOW?!?! Zimmerman confronted him!  Trayvon was just walking home.  If some stranger comes up to you at night and starts something with you what do you do?  What do you do if the have a fucking gun and you've got ice tea and skittles?

The issue is people back themselves into a corner.  They say things that are clearly raciest and wrong then instead of admitting they were wrong they try to bring up the most stupid reasoning why they are justified in their remarks.

If you make any excuse why Zimmerman is justified in what happened then have a deep look at yourself.  Ask yourself if the races were reversed and some 29 year old black man killed a innocent white kid would you feel the same and I suspect the answer is no.  But of course if you thought that way then you would justify it in your own head to either make yourself feel like you are not a raciest fuck tart or you'd be proud that you are a racist fuck tart.

I've heard of a few of examples where a black man has "killed a white kid" and "got away with it"
There has been a pattern I've noticed to all the stories.  First is that the white teens in question where in the act of burglary when initially confronted.  Second they went to attack the shooter and the shooter was out numbered.  Does this excuse the shooting?  No, but there is a big difference between 3 young men braking into your neighbour's car then charging at you when you tell them to freeze and a single young man walking home from the store after he bought an ice tea and pack of skittles.

Fact, Zimmerman racially profiled Trayvon Martin, an innocent black teenager, confronted him against direct orders from the police and fatally shot and killed Trayvon. The fact that if you try to justify Zimmerman's actions and miss the fact that an innocent kid lost his life because of Zimmerman's stupidity then you can go fuck yourself.

Don't even get me started on how Zimmerman now has his gun back and how Juror "B-37" thinks that "George" only over stepped his bounds "just a little" and that she thinks he's learnt his lesson and would want him in her neighbourhood watch.  I wonder if she would want "George" on her neighbourhood watch if it was her 17 year old son that "George" shot in cold blood as he was walking home with ice tea and skittles.  I wonder if she would think, after her son is laying dead in the wet grass, that "George" only over stepped his bounds "just a little".

George got a jury of his peers, 5 white women and 1 non black woman.  The prosecutors really didn't want this trial to succeed and in my opinion that is because they didn't want the cops to look bad.

It is ironic that Zimmerman's lawyer says that George needs his gun and bullet proof vest because he will never know if some person will over react and kill him.  It is completely lost on Zimmerman supporters that to most people stalking and then fatally shooting someone with ice tea and skittles is  a much bigger over reaction then anyone coming after Zimmerman for killing an innocent teenager in cold blood.  I don't want Zimmerman dead and I advise people to stay away from him because he's killed a completely innocent boy once. Next time it would be even easier for him to claim he was in fear for his life.

Wednesday, 26 June 2013

Justice is no longer blind

  It is bad enough that the prolonged rape of a 16 year old girl by 2 high school football players happened and almost went completely unpunished, read an blog post of mine on the subject Injustice in Steubenville OH.

  It is pathetic the sentences these two "all American football players" got.  Both found guilty, which you might think it is better then many rape cases get.  But remember the the rapiest not only photograph and video the 6 hour ordeal, they also tweeted, sms'd and even posted photos and video up onto Facebook and YouTube of the incident.  It was a open an shut case if there was ever one.  Their attempted defense that the girl some how gave consent when she was clearly unconscious in almost all the photos and videos is repugnant.

  One of the young men, Ma'lik Richmond, was convicted and sentenced to a whopping 1 year in juvenile detention for being found guilty of rape of a minor.  The other, Trent Mays, was sentenced to a whopping 2 years in juvenile detention for being found guilty of rape of a minor and disseminating child pornography.  Both sentences being the minimum allowed sentences for the crimes they committed.  The Judge, Thomas Lipps, claims the the incident was "profane and ugly." but this, along with Ma'lik's comments the "No pictures should have been sent around, let alone ever taken" and "My life is over" don't indicate regret and remorse for drugging and then raping a girl over a 6 hour period.  It shows disappointment that he got caught.

  Judge Thomas Lipps sentencing send the message of "My hands are tied but I'll make your punishment for the crime you committed as small as possible".  So You'll have the next set of football players thinking they have the right to drug kidnap and rape an under-aged girl but they better not photograph the gang rape.

  Now to put insult on to injury the activist Deric Lostutter that brought all the posts, tweets and other evidence, that there was an attempt to cover up, to light is facing 10 years sentence if convicted.  2 football players drug, kidnap and sexually violate a young girl and they get 1 and 2 year.  The man that exposes the attempted cover-up by the locals faces 10 years.

  We have clearly entered into a culture where whistle blowers are now more likely to be punished then those people and organisations they've exposed as breaking the law.  Why is it?  Because whistle blowers by their nature are exposing corruption of powerful people.  If these 2 boys where from a ghetto and someone dug up this info no one would care.  But Deric didn't do that.  He not only exposed what the 2 boys had done.  He exposed how their whole community tried to cover up the incident.
  We live in a culture where people are becoming afraid of doing the right thing.  Speaking up when they see a wrong.  Where reporters are being intimidated by the government for doing their job.  Where questioning what any branch of the government is becoming taboo.  Where peaceful protesting is looked down upon.

  Our founding fathers would be ashamed.  It is a tragedy that in many ways those that signed the Declaration of Independence were more progressive then many politicians today.  I for one think that we need to reclaim our government needs to be reclaimed from the clutches of a few.  Where the government works with and for the common person not just the wealthy and powerful.  Where equal rights for all isn't coupled with less rights for most.  Where people are people and corporations aren't.

Monday, 20 May 2013

Should Obama be put on trail?

You know why I say right wing zealots are crazy?  Because they are.  They try so hard to throw up a smoke screen and hope you have forgotten the past.  Sadly many right wing followers conveniently forget the past in support of their zealots.  Both GOP politicians and the slew of conservative "journalist", an I use that term VERY loosely, are calling for Obama to be brought to trial left right and centre.   Pete Santilli has called for the arrest, trial and shooting of both Obama and H. Clinton.  Specifically he says that she should be "shot in the vagina".  He claims that the hunt for Bin Laden was fake and says that the Obama administration had Seal Team 6 killed to silence them.

 Today the 2 reasons people are calling for the arrest of Obama are the IRS and Benghazi.

Let us look at the IRS "scandal".  How could Obama's administration use the IRS to target political opponents?  How can we stand for such a thing!?!?!  Well ask how you have probably stood for such a thing for as long as you have been alive if you are anywhere around my age.  You can go back even further then the 70s too. My only complaint here is that the IRS is targeting organisations disproportionately.  Many of these applicants for tax free status blatantly break the laws by involving themselves in the political process.  You might thing "Well why can't a not for profit organisation be politically involved?" and I say "IT IS THE FUCKING LAW!".  Put out of your mind left or right wing politics here. Read te 501(c) regulation.  What they are allowed to do in the political arena is very restricted.  I say the IRS hasn't gone far enough.  Many 501(c) organizations  on both the left and right, organisations need to be closely looked at because they are bucking the system and breaking the law by involving themselves in elections inappropriately.  Now is it ok for a church to provide transportation so people can vote?  Sure just as long as they aren't restricting that transportation to only people that vote one way.  Can a church or other 501(c) endorse a candidate   NO, no they can't because that is against the regulations that they agreed to when becoming a not for profit organisation.  If an organisation wants to endorse a candidate then fine...they need to give up their 501(c) status and not only for the election cycle.  If you don't think it is fair then go complain to a baseball umpire that it is unfair that some batter only got 3 strikes before they where out.

  So ask yourself why you where not up in arms when Bush sent the IRS after the All Saints Episcopal Church in Pasadena, California right after Pastor George Regas condemned the war on Iraq.  Or why the NAACP all of a sudden got audited right after they criticised Bush? Ask yourself why you aren't upset that Bush's administration had the CIA investigate Professor Juan Cole not once but twice simply because he criticized the war and has a voice that people listen to. These are not isolated incidences either.  There a numerous incidents where this has been done , not only by Bush and Obama but, for the last half a century.

  Next let us look at Benghazi.  4 Americans killed and that is a tragedy.  But let us put that in perspective.  Working at embassies is a risky career.  Bush had 13 separate attacks on U.S. consulates, offices and embassies in his 8 years 10 of which resulted in 98 people dead.  I'm also leaving out all the attacks that happened at our embassy in Baghdad during the Bush administration.  Forget Bush go to the GOPs idol Reagan.  A large number of terrorist attacks that happened under his administration occurred without any of these "journalistic organisations" complaining but they occurred without a response by the administration.  I'm not saying that Reagan's White House didn't have any response on the days following the attacks.  There were no responses EVER.

  So the next time you feel like supporting someone calling for the arrest, conviction and shooting of Obama or H. Clinton ask yourself what you think should be done to G.W.Bush given that 3 months before 9/11 he got annoyed by a CIA briefer reading him a memo titled "Bin Ladin Determined to strike in US" and Bush responding ""All right. You've covered your ass, now.".  What ever Obama did or did not do that might have contributed to Christopher Stevens, Sean Smith, Glen Doherty and Tyrone Woods's death must pale in comparison to what we know Bush did that resulted in 2,977 people dead on 9/11.  At the bottom of this post  is a list of those that died because of Bush's incompetence.

  Strangely enough the most damaging thing to come out, in my opinion, is what I consider the overreach by the Justice Dept obtaining the phone records of AP journalist.  In a time where real journalism is becoming an endangered species this is more damaging to our constitutional rights then the altering of words in sound bites over Benghazi and the IRS targeting 501(c)4 organisations for closer scrutiny.

Gordon M. Aamoth, Jr., Edelmiro Abad, Maria Rose Abad, Andrew Anthony Abate, Vincent Abate, Laurence Christopher Abel, William F. Abrahamson, Richard Anthony Aceto, Jesus Acevedo Rescand, Heinrich Bernhard Ackermann, Paul Acquaviva, Donald LaRoy Adams, Patrick Adams, Shannon Lewis Adams, Stephen George Adams, Ignatius Udo Adanga, Christy A. Addamo, Terence E. Adderley, Jr., Sophia Buruwad Addo, Lee Allan Adler, Daniel Thomas Afflitto, Emmanuel Akwasi Afuakwah, Alok Agarwal, Mukul Kumar Agarwala, Joseph Agnello, David Scott Agnes, Brian G. Ahearn, Jeremiah Joseph Ahern, Joanne Marie Ahladiotis, Shabbir Ahmed, Terrance Andre Aiken, Godwin Ajala, Gertrude M. Alagero, Andrew Alameno , Margaret Ann Alario, Gary M. Albero, Jon Leslie Albert, Peter Alderman, Jacquelyn Delaine Aldridge, David D. Alger, Sarah Ali-Escarcega, Ernest Alikakos, Edward L. Allegretto, Eric Allen, Joseph Ryan Allen, Richard Dennis Allen, Richard Lanard Allen, Christopher E. Allingham, Janet M. Alonso, Arturo Alva-Moreno, Anthony Alvarado, Antonio Javier Alvarez, Victoria Alvarez-Brito, Telmo E. Alvear, Cesar Amoranto Alviar, Tariq Amanullah, Angelo Amaranto, James M. Amato Joseph Amatuccio, Christopher Charles Amoroso, Kazuhiro Anai, Calixto Anaya, Jr., Joseph Anchundia, Kermit Charles Anderson, Yvette Constance Anderson, John Andreacchio, Michael Rourke Andrews, Jean Ann Andrucki, Siew-Nya Ang, Joseph Angelini, Jr., Joseph Angelini, Sr., Laura Angilletta, Doreen J. Angrisani, Lorraine Antigua, Peter Paul Apollo, Faustino Apostol, Jr., Frank Thomas Aquilino, Patrick Michael Aranyos, David Arce, Michael George Arczynski , Louis Arena, Adam P. Arias, Michael Armstrong, Jack Charles Aron, Joshua Aron, Richard Avery Aronow, Japhet Jesse Aryee, Patrick Asante, Carl Asaro, Michael Asciak, Michael Edward Asher, Janice Marie Ashley, Thomas J. Ashton, Manuel O. Asitimbay, Gregg Arthur Atlas, Gerald T. Atwood, James Audiffred, Louis Frank Aversano, Jr., Ezra Aviles, Sandy Ayala, Arlene T. Babakitis, Eustace P. Bacchus, John J. Badagliacca, Jane Ellen Baeszler, Robert J. Baierwalter, Andrew J. Bailey, Brett T. Bailey, Tatyana Bakalinskaya, Michael S. Baksh, Sharon M. Balkcom, Michael Andrew Bane, Katherine Bantis, Gerard Baptiste, Walter Baran, Gerard A. Barbara, Paul Vincent Barbaro, James William Barbella, Ivan Kyrillos F. Barbosa, Victor Daniel Barbosa, Colleen Ann Barkow, David Michael Barkway, Matthew Barnes, Sheila Patricia Barnes, Evan J. Baron, Renee Barrett-Arjune, Nathaly Barrios La Cruz, Arthur Thaddeus Barry, Diane G. Barry, Maurice Vincent Barry, Scott D. Bart, Carlton W. Bartels, Guy Barzvi, Inna B. Basina, Alysia Basmajian , Kenneth William Basnicki, Steven Bates, Paul James Battaglia, Walter David Bauer, Jr., Marlyn Capito Bautista, Jasper Baxter, Michele Beale, Paul Frederick Beatini, Jane S. Beatty, Lawrence Ira Beck, Manette Marie Beckles, Carl John Bedigian, Michael Earnest Beekman, Maria A. Behr, Yelena Belilovsky , Nina Patrice Bell, Debbie Bellows, Stephen Elliot Belson, Paul M. Benedetti, Denise Lenore Benedetto , Maria Bengochea, Bryan Craig Bennett, Eric L. Bennett, Oliver Duncan Bennett, Margaret L. Benson, Dominick J. Berardi, James Patrick Berger, Steven Howard Berger, John P. Bergin, Alvin Bergsohn, Daniel Bergstein, Michael J. Berkeley, Donna M. Bernaerts, David W. Bernard, William Bernstein, David M. Berray, David S. Berry, Joseph J. Berry, William Reed Bethke, Timothy Betterly, Edward Frank Beyea, Paul Beyer, Anil Tahilram Bharvaney, Bella J. Bhukhan, Shimmy D. Biegeleisen, Peter Alexander Bielfeld, William G. Biggart, Brian Bilcher, Carl Vincent Bini, Gary Eugene Bird, Joshua David Birnbaum, George John Bishop, Jeffrey Donald Bittner, Albert Balewa Blackman, Jr., Christopher Joseph Blackwell, Susan Leigh Blair, Harry Blanding, Jr., Janice Lee Blaney, Craig Michael Blass, Rita Blau, Richard Middleton Blood, Jr., Michael Andrew Boccardi , John P. Bocchi, Michael Leopoldo Bocchino, Susan M. Bochino, Bruce D. Boehm, Mary Catherine Boffa, Nicholas Andrew Bogdan, Darren Christopher Bohan, Lawrence Francis Boisseau, Vincent M. Boland, Jr., Alan Bondarenko , Andre Bonheur, Jr., Colin Arthur Bonnett, Frank Bonomo, Yvonne Lucia Bonomo, Genieve Bonsignore, 3 , Seaon Booker, Sherry Ann Bordeaux, Krystine Bordenabe, Martin Boryczewski, Richard Edward Bosco, John H. Boulton, Francisco Eligio Bourdier, Thomas Harold Bowden, Jr., Kimberly S. Bowers, Veronique Nicole Bowers, Larry Bowman, Shawn Edward Bowman, Jr., Kevin L. Bowser, Gary R. Box, Gennady Boyarsky, Pamela Boyce, Michael Boyle, Alfred Braca, Kevin Bracken, David Brian Brady, Alexander Braginsky, Nicholas W. Brandemarti, Michelle Renee Bratton, Patrice Braut, Lydia E. Bravo, Ronald Michael Breitweiser, Edward A. Brennan III, Francis Henry Brennan, Michael E. Brennan, Peter Brennan, Thomas M. Brennan, Daniel J. Brethel, Gary Lee Bright, Jonathan Briley, Mark A. Brisman, Paul Gary Bristow, Mark Francis Broderick, Herman Charles Broghammer, Keith A. Broomfield, Ethel Brown Janice , Juloise Brown, Lloyd Stanford Brown, Patrick J. Brown, Bettina Browne, Mark Bruce, Richard George Bruehert, Andrew Brunn, Vincent Brunton, Ronald Paul Bucca, Brandon J. Buchanan, Gregory Joseph Buck, Dennis Buckley, Nancy Clare Bueche, Patrick Joseph Buhse, John Edwards Bulaga, Jr., Stephen Bunin, Matthew J. Burke , Thomas Daniel Burke, William Francis Burke, Jr., Donald J. Burns, Kathleen Anne Burns, Keith James Burns, John Patrick Burnside, Irina Buslo, Milton G. Bustillo, Thomas M. Butler, Patrick Byrne, Timothy G. Byrne , Jesus Neptali Cabezas, Lillian Caceres, Brian Joseph Cachia, Steven Dennis Cafiero, Jr., Richard M. Caggiano, Cecile Marella Caguicla, Michael John Cahill, Scott Walter Cahill, Thomas Joseph Cahill, George Cain, Salvatore B. Calabro, Joseph Calandrillo, Philip V. Calcagno, Edward Calderon, Kenneth Marcus Caldwell, Dominick Enrico Calia, Felix Calixte, Frank Callahan, Liam Callahan, Luigi Calvi, Roko Camaj, Michael F. Cammarata, David Otey Campbell, Geoffrey Thomas Campbell, Jill Marie Campbell, Robert Arthur Campbell, Sandra Patricia Campbell , Sean Thomas Canavan, John A. Candela, Vincent Cangelosi, Stephen J. Cangialosi, Lisa Bella Cannava, Brian Cannizzaro , Michael Canty, Louis Anthony Caporicci, Jonathan Neff Cappello, James Christopher Cappers, Richard Michael Caproni, Jose Manuel Cardona, Dennis M. Carey, Steve Carey, Edward Carlino, Michael Scott Carlo, David G. Carlone , Rosemarie C. Carlson, Mark Stephen Carney, Joyce Ann Carpeneto, Ivhan Luis Carpio Bautista , Jeremy M. Carrington, Michael Carroll, Peter Carroll, James Joseph Carson, Jr., Marcia Cecil Carter, James Marcel Cartier, Vivian Casalduc, John Francis Casazza, Paul R. Cascio, Margarito Casillas, Thomas Anthony Casoria, William Otto Caspar, Alejandro Castano, Arcelia Castillo, Germaan Castillo Garcia, Leonard M. Castrianno, Jose Ramon Castro, Richard G. Catarelli, Christopher Sean Caton, Robert John Caufield, Mary Teresa Caulfield, Judson Cavalier, Michael Joseph Cawley, Jason David Cayne, Juan Armando Ceballos, Jason Michael Cefalu, Thomas Joseph Celic, Ana Mercedes Centeno, Joni Cesta, Jeffrey Marc Chairnoff, Swarna Chalasani , William Chalcoff, Eli Chalouh, Charles Lawrence Chan, Mandy Chang, Mark Lawrence Charette, Gregorio Manuel Chavez, Delrose E. Cheatham, Pedro Francisco Checo, Douglas MacMillan Cherry, Stephen Patrick Cherry, Vernon Paul Cherry, Nester Julio Chevalier, Swede Chevalier , Alexander H. Chiang, Dorothy J. Chiarchiaro, Luis Alfonso Chimbo, Robert Chin, Wing Wai Ching, Nicholas Paul Chiofalo, John Chipura, Peter A. Chirchirillo, Catherine Chirls, Kyung Hee Cho, Abul K. Chowdhury, Mohammad Salahuddin Chowdhury, Kirsten L. Christophe, Pamela Chu, Steven Chucknick, Wai Chung, Christopher Ciafardini, Alex F. Ciccone, Frances Ann Cilente, Elaine Cillo, Edna Cintron, Nestor Andre Cintron III, Robert Dominick Cirri, Juan Pablo Cisneros-Alvarez, Benjamin Keefe Clark, Eugene Clark, Gregory Alan Clark, Mannie Leroy Clark, Thomas R. Clark, Christopher Robert Clarke, Donna Marie Clarke, Michael J. Clarke , Suria Rachel Emma Clarke, Kevin Francis Cleary, James D. Cleere , Geoffrey W. Cloud, Susan Marie Clyne, Steven Coakley, Jeffrey Alan Coale, Patricia A. Cody, Daniel Michael Coffey, Jason M. Coffey, Florence G. Cohen, Kevin Sanford Cohen, Anthony Joseph Coladonato, Mark Joseph Colaio, Stephen Colaio, Christopher M. Colasanti, Kevin Nathaniel Colbert, Michel P. Colbert , Keith E. Coleman, Scott Thomas Coleman, Tarel Coleman, Liam Joseph Colhoun, Robert D. Colin, Robert J. Coll, Jean Collin, John Michael Collins, Michael L. Collins, Thomas J. Collins, Joseph Collison, Patricia Malia Colodner, Linda M. Colon, Sol E. Colon, Ronald Edward Comer, Sandra Jolane Conaty Brace, Jaime Concepcion, Albert Conde, Denease Conley, Susan P. Conlon, Margaret Mary Conner, Cynthia Marie Lise Connolly, John E. Connolly, Jr., James Lee Connor, Jonathan M. Connors, Kevin Patrick Connors, Kevin F. Conroy, Jose Manuel Contreras-Fernandez , Brenda E. Conway, Dennis Michael Cook, Helen D. Cook, John A. Cooper, Joseph John Coppo, Jr., Gerard J. Coppola, Joseph Albert Corbett, Alejandro Cordero, Robert Cordice, Ruben D. Correa , Danny A. Correa-Gutierrez, James J. Corrigan, Carlos Cortes, Kevin Cosgrove, Dolores Marie Costa, Digna Alexandra Costanza, Charles Gregory Costello, Jr., Michael S. Costello, Conrod K. Cottoy , Martin John Coughlan, John Gerard Coughlin, Timothy J. Coughlin, James E. Cove, Andre Cox, Frederick John Cox, James Raymond Coyle, Michele Coyle-Eulau, Anne Marie Cramer, Christopher S. Cramer, Denise Elizabeth Crant, James Leslie Crawford, Jr., Robert James Crawford, Joanne Mary Cregan, Lucy Crifasi, John A. Crisci, Daniel Hal Crisman, Dennis Cross, Kevin Raymond Crotty, Thomas G. Crotty, John Crowe, Welles Remy Crowther, Robert L. Cruikshank, John Robert Cruz , Grace Yu Cua, Kenneth John Cubas, Francisco Cruz Cubero, Richard J. Cudina, Neil James Cudmore, Thomas Patrick Cullen lll, Joyce Cummings , Brian Thomas Cummins, Michael Cunningham, Robert Curatolo, Laurence Damian Curia, Paul Dario Curioli, Beverly Curry, Michael S. Curtin , Gavin Cushny, John D'Allara, Vincent Gerard D'Amadeo, Jack D'Ambrosi, Mary D'Antonio, Edward A. D'Atri, Michael D. D'Auria, Michael Jude D'Esposito, Manuel John Da Mota, Caleb Arron Dack, Carlos S. DaCosta, Joao Alberto DaFonseca Aguiar, Jr., Thomas A. Damaskinos, Jeannine Marie Damiani-Jones, Patrick W. Danahy, Nana Danso, Vincent Danz, Dwight Donald Darcy, Elizabeth Ann Darling, Annette Andrea Dataram, Lawrence Davidson, Michael Allen Davidson, Scott Matthew Davidson, Titus Davidson, Niurka Davila, Clinton Davis, Wayne Terrial Davis, Anthony Richard Dawson, Calvin Dawson, Edward James Day, Jayceryll de Chavez, Jennifer De Jesus, Monique E. De Jesus, Nereida De Jesus, Emerita De La Pena, Azucena Maria de la Torre, David Paul De Rubbio, Jemal Legesse De Santis , Christian Louis De Simone, Melanie Louise De Vere, William Thomas Dean, Robert J. DeAngelis, Jr., Thomas Patrick DeAngelis, Tara E. Debek, Anna Marjia DeBin, James V. Deblase, Paul DeCola, Simon Marash Dedvukaj, Jason Defazio, David A. DeFeo, Manuel Del Valle, Jr., Donald Arthur Delapenha, Vito Joseph DeLeo, Danielle Anne Delie, Joseph A. Della Pietra, Andrea DellaBella, Palmina DelliGatti, Colleen Ann Deloughery, Francis Albert DeMartini, Anthony Demas, Martin N. DeMeo , Francis Deming, Carol K. Demitz, Kevin Dennis, Thomas F. Dennis, Jean DePalma, Jose Depena, Robert John Deraney, Michael DeRienzo, Edward DeSimone III, Andrew Desperito, Cindy Ann Deuel, Jerry DeVito, Robert P. Devitt, Jr., Dennis Lawrence Devlin, Gerard Dewan, Sulemanali Kassamali Dhanani, Patricia Florence Di Chiaro, Debra Ann Di Martino, Michael Louis Diagostino, Matthew Diaz, Nancy Diaz, Rafael Arturo Diaz, Michael A. Diaz-Piedra III, Judith Berquis Diaz-Sierra, Joseph Dermot Dickey, Jr., Lawrence Patrick Dickinson, Michael D. Diehl, John Difato, Vincent Difazio, Carl Anthony DiFranco, Donald Difranco, Stephen Patrick Dimino, William John Dimmling, Marisa DiNardo Schorpp, Christopher M. Dincuff, Jeffrey Mark Dingle, Anthony Dionisio , George DiPasquale, Joseph Dipilato, Douglas Frank DiStefano, Ramzi A. Doany, John Joseph Doherty, Melissa C. Doi, Brendan Dolan, Neil Matthew Dollard, James Joseph Domanico , Benilda Pascua Domingo , Carlos Dominguez, Jerome Mark Patrick Dominguez, Kevin W. Donnelly, Jacqueline Donovan, Stephen Scott Dorf, Thomas Dowd, Kevin Dowdell, Mary Yolanda Dowling, Raymond Mathew Downey, Frank Joseph Doyle, Joseph Michael Doyle, Stephen Patrick Driscoll, Mirna A. Duarte, Michelle Beale Duberry , Luke A. Dudek, Christopher Michael Duffy , Gerard Duffy, Michael Joseph Duffy, Thomas W. Duffy , Antoinette Duger , Sareve Dukat, Christopher Joseph Dunne, Richard Anthony Dunstan, Patrick Thomas Dwyer, Joseph Anthony Eacobacci, John Bruce Eagleson, Robert Douglas Eaton, Dean Phillip Eberling, Margaret Ruth Echtermann, Paul Robert Eckna, Constantine Economos, Dennis Michael Edwards, Michael Hardy Edwards, Christine Egan, Lisa Egan, Martin J. Egan, Jr., Michael Egan, Samantha Martin Egan, Carole Eggert, Lisa Caren Ehrlich, John Ernst Eichler, Eric Adam Eisenberg, Daphne Ferlinda Elder, Michael J. Elferis , Mark Joseph Ellis, Valerie Silver Ellis, Albert Alfy William Elmarry, Edgar Hendricks Emery, Jr., Doris Suk-Yuen Eng, Christopher Epps, Ulf Ramm Ericson, Erwin L. Erker, William John Erwin, Jose Espinal, Fanny Espinoza, Bridget Ann Esposito, Francis Esposito , Michael Esposito , William Esposito , Ruben Esquilin, Jr., Sadie Ette, Barbara G. Etzold, Eric Brian Evans, Robert Evans, Meredith Emily June Ewart, Catherine K. Fagan, Patricia Mary Fagan, Keith George Fairben, Sandra Fajardo-Smith, William F. Fallon, William Lawrence Fallon, Jr., Anthony J. Fallone, Jr., Dolores Brigitte Fanelli, John Joseph Fanning, Kathleen Anne Faragher, Thomas Farino, Nancy Carole Farley, Elizabeth Ann Farmer, Douglas Jon Farnum, John G. Farrell, John W. Farrell, Terrence Patrick Farrell, Joseph D. Farrelly, Thomas Patrick Farrelly, Syed Abdul Fatha, Christopher Edward Faughnan, Wendy R. Faulkner, Shannon Marie Fava, Bernard D. Favuzza, Robert Fazio, Jr., Ronald Carl Fazio, William Feehan, Francis Jude Feely, Garth Erin Feeney, Sean B. Fegan, Lee S. Fehling, Peter Adam Feidelberg, Alan D. Feinberg , Rosa Maria Feliciano, Edward Thomas Fergus, Jr., George Ferguson, Henry Fernandez , Judy Hazel Fernandez, Julio Fernandez, Elisa Giselle Ferraina, Anne Marie Sallerin Ferreira, Robert John Ferris, David Francis Ferrugio, Louis V. Fersini, Michael David Ferugio, Bradley James Fetchet, Jennifer Louise Fialko, Kristen Nicole Fiedel, Samuel Fields, Michael Bradley Finnegan , Timothy J. Finnerty, Michael Curtis Fiore, Stephen S R Fiorelli, Sr., Paul M. Fiori, John B. Fiorito, John R. Fischer, Andrew Fisher, Bennett Lawson Fisher, John Roger Fisher, Thomas J. Fisher , Lucy A. Fishman, Ryan D. Fitzgerald, Thomas James Fitzpatrick, Richard P. Fitzsimons, Salvatore Fiumefreddo, Christina Donovan Flannery, Eileen Flecha, Andre G. Fletcher, Carl M. Flickinger , John Joseph Florio, Joseph Walken Flounders , David Fodor, Michael N. Fodor , Stephen Mark Fogel, Thomas Foley, David J. Fontana , Chih Min Foo, Godwin Forde, Donald A. Foreman, Christopher Hugh Forsythe, Claudia Alicia Foster, Noel John Foster , Ana Fosteris, Robert Joseph Foti, Jeffrey Fox, Virginia Fox, Pauline Francis, Virgin Francis, Gary Jay Frank, Morton H. Frank, Peter Christopher Frank, Richard K. Fraser, Kevin J. Frawley, Clyde Frazier, Jr. , Lillian Inez Frederick, Andrew Fredricks, Tamitha Freeman, Brett Owen Freiman, Peter L. Freund, Arlene Eva Fried , Alan Wayne Friedlander, Andrew Keith Friedman, Gregg J. Froehner, Peter Christian Fry, Clement A. Fumando, Steven Elliot Furman, Paul Furmato, Fredric Neal Gabler, Richard Samuel Federick Gabrielle, James Andrew Gadiel, Pamela Lee Gaff , Ervin Vincent Gailliard, Deanna Lynn Galante, Grace Catherine Galante, Anthony Edward Gallagher, Daniel James Gallagher, John Patrick Gallagher, Lourdes Galletti, Cono E. Gallo, Vincenzo Gallucci, Thomas E. Galvin, Giovanna Galletta Gambale, Thomas Gambino, Jr., Giann Franco Gamboa, Peter Ganci, Ladkat K. Ganesh, Claude Michael Gann, Osseni Garba, Charles William Garbarini , Ceasar Garcia, David Garcia, Juan Garcia, Marlyn Del Carmen Garcia, Christopher S. Gardner, Douglas Benjamin Gardner, Harvey J. Gardner III, Jeffrey Brian Gardner, Thomas Gardner , William Arthur Gardner, Francesco Garfi, Rocco Nino Gargano, James M. Gartenberg, Matthew David Garvey, Bruce Gary, Boyd Alan Gatton, Donald Richard Gavagan, Jr., Terence D. Gazzani, Gary Geidel, Paul Hamilton Geier, Julie M. Geis, Peter G. Gelinas, Steven Paul Geller, Howard G. Gelling, Peter Victor Genco, Jr., Steven Gregory Genovese, Alayne Gentul, Edward F. Geraghty, Suzanne Geraty, Ralph Gerhardt, Robert Gerlich, Denis P. Germain, Marina Romanovna Gertsberg, Susan M. Getzendanner, James G. Geyer, Joseph M. Giaccone, Vincent Francis Giammona, Debra Lynn Gibbon, James Andrew Giberson, Craig Neil Gibson, Ronnie E. Gies, Laura A. Giglio, Andrew Clive Gilbert, Timothy Paul Gilbert, Paul Stuart Gilbey, Paul John Gill, Mark Y. Gilles, Evan Gillette, Ronald Lawrence Gilligan, Rodney C. Gillis, Laura Gilly, John F. Ginley, Donna Marie Giordano, Jeffrey John Giordano, John Giordano, Steven A. Giorgetti, Martin Giovinazzo, Kum-Kum Girolamo, Salvatore Gitto, Cynthia Giugliano, Mon Gjonbalaj, Dianne Gladstone, Keith Glascoe, Thomas Irwin Glasser, Harry Glenn, Barry H. Glick, Steven Glick, John T. Gnazzo, William Robert Godshalk, Michael Gogliormella, Brian Fredric Goldberg, Jeffrey Grant Goldflam, Michelle Goldstein, Monica Goldstein, Steven Goldstein , Andrew H. Golkin , Dennis James Gomes, Enrique Antonio Gomez, Jose Bienvenido Gomez, Manuel Gomez, Jr., Wilder Alfredo Gomez, Jenine Nicole Gonzalez, Mauricio Gonzalez, Rosa Gonzalez, Calvin J. Gooding, Harry Goody, Kiran Reddy Gopu, Catherine C. Gorayeb, Kerene Gordon, Sebastian Gorki, Kieran Joseph Gorman, Thomas Edward Gorman, Michael Edward Gould, Yuji Goya, Jon Richard Grabowski, Christopher Michael Grady, Edwin J. Graf III, David Martin Graifman, Gilbert Franco Granados, Elvira Granitto, Winston Arthur Grant, Christopher S. Gray, James Michael Gray, Tara McCloud Gray, Linda Catherine Grayling, John M. Grazioso, Timothy George Grazioso , Derrick Auther Green, Wade B. Green, Elaine Myra Greenberg, Gayle R. Greene, James Arthur Greenleaf, Jr., Eileen Marsha Greenstein , Elizabeth Martin Gregg, Denise Gregory, Donald H. Gregory, Florence Moran Gregory, Pedro Grehan , John Michael Griffin, Tawanna Sherry Griffin, Joan Donna Griffith, Warren Grifka, Ramon Grijalvo, Joseph F. Grillo, David Joseph Grimner, Kenneth George Grouzalis, Joseph Grzelak, Matthew James Grzymalski, Robert Joseph Gschaar, Liming Gu, Jose Guadalupe, Cindy Yan Zhu Guan, Joel Guevara Gonzalez, Geoffrey E. Guja, Joseph Gullickson, Babita Girjamatie Guman, Douglas Brian Gurian, Janet Ruth Gustafson, Philip T. Guza, Barbara Guzzardo, Peter M. Gyulavary, Gary Robert Haag, Andrea Lyn Haberman, Barbara Mary Habib, Philip Haentzler, Nezam A. Hafiz, Karen Elizabeth Hagerty, Steven Michael Hagis, Mary Lou Hague, David Halderman, Maile Rachel Hale , Richard B. Hall, Vaswald George Hall, Robert J. Halligan, Vincent Gerard Halloran, James Douglas Halvorson, Mohammad Salman Hamdani, Felicia Hamilton, Robert Hamilton, Frederic K. Han, Christopher J. Hanley, Sean S. Hanley, Valerie Joan Hanna, Thomas Hannafin, Kevin James Hannaford, Michael Lawrence Hannan, Dana R Hannon, Vassilios G. Haramis, James A. Haran, Jeffrey Pike Hardy, Timothy John Hargrave, Daniel Edward Harlin, Frances Haros, Harvey Harrell, Stephen G. Harrell, Melissa Marie Harrington, Aisha Anne Harris, Stewart Dennis Harris, John Patrick Hart , John Clinton Hartz, Emeric Harvey, Thomas Theodore Haskell, Jr., Timothy Haskell, Joseph John Hasson III, Leonard W. Hatton, Terence S. Hatton, Michael Haub, Timothy Aaron Haviland, Donald G. Havlish, Jr., Anthony Hawkins , Nobuhiro Hayatsu, Philip Hayes, William Ward Haynes, Scott Jordan Hazelcorn, Michael K. Healey, Roberta B. Heber, Charles Francis Xavier Heeran, John F. Heffernan, H. Joseph Heller, Jr., Joann L. Heltibridle, Mark F. Hemschoot, Ronnie Lee Henderson, Brian Hennessey , Michelle Marie Henrique, Joseph Henry, William Henry, John Christopher Henwood, Robert Allan Hepburn, Mary Herencia, Lindsay C. Herkness III, Harvey Robert Hermer, Claribel Hernandez, Eduardo Hernandez, Nuberto Hernandez, Raul Hernandez, Gary Herold, Jeffrey A. Hersch , Thomas Hetzel, Brian Hickey, Ysidro Hidalgo, Timothy Higgins, Robert D. W. Higley II, Todd Russell Hill, Clara Victorine Hinds, Neal O. Hinds, Mark D. Hindy, Katsuyuki Hirai, Heather Malia Ho, Tara Yvette Hobbs, Thomas Anderson Hobbs, James J. Hobin, Robert Wayne Hobson, DaJuan Hodges, Ronald George Hoerner, Patrick A. Hoey, Marcia Hoffman, Stephen G. Hoffman, Frederick Joseph Hoffmann, Michele L. Hoffmann, Judith Florence Hofmiller, Thomas Warren Hohlweck, Jr., Jonathan R. Hohmann, John Holland, Joseph F. Holland, Elizabeth Holmes, Thomas Holohan , Bradley Hoorn, James P. Hopper, Montgomery McCullough Hord, Michael Horn, Matthew Douglas Horning , Robert L. Horohoe, Jr., Aaron Horwitz, Charles Houston, Uhuru G. Houston, George Howard, Michael C. Howell, Steven Leon Howell, Jennifer L. Howley, Milagros Hromada, Marian R. Hrycak , Stephen Huczko, Jr., Kris Robert Hughes, Paul Rexford Hughes, Robert Thomas Hughes, Thomas Hughes, Timothy Robert Hughes, Susan Huie, Lamar Hulse, William Christopher Hunt, Kathleen Anne Hunt-Casey, Joseph Hunter, Robert R. Hussa, Abid Hussain, Thomas Edward Hynes, Walter G. Hynes, Joseph Anthony Ianelli, Zuhtu Ibis, Jonathan Lee Ielpi, Michael Iken, Daniel Ilkanayev, Frederick Ill, Jr., Abraham Nethanel Ilowitz, Anthony P. Infante, Jr., Louis S. Inghilterra, Jr., Christopher Noble Ingrassia, Paul Innella, Stephanie Veronica Irby, Douglas Irgang, Kristin A. Irvine Ryan, Todd Antione Isaac, Erik Isbrandtsen, Taizo Ishikawa, Aram Iskenderian, Jr., John F. Iskyan, Kazushige Ito, Aleksandr Valeryevich Ivantsov, Virginia May Jablonski, Brooke Alexandra Jackman, Aaron Jeremy Jacobs, Ariel Louis Jacobs, Jason Kyle Jacobs, Michael Grady Jacobs, Steven A. Jacobson, Ricknauth Jaggernauth, Jake Denis Jagoda, Yudh Vir Singh Jain, Maria Jakubiak, Ernest James, Gricelda E. James, Priscilla James, Mark Steven Jardim, Muhammadou Jawara, Francois Jean-Pierre, Maxima Jean-Pierre, Paul Edward Jeffers, Alva Cynthia Jeffries Sanchez, Joseph Jenkins, Jr., Alan Keith Jensen, Prem N. Jerath, Farah Jeudy, Hweidar Jian, Eliezer Jimenez, Jr., Luis Jimenez, Jr., Fernando Jimenez-Molina , Charles Gregory John, Nicholas John, LaShawna Johnson, Scott Michael Johnson, William R. Johnston, Allison Horstmann Jones, Arthur Joseph Jones, Brian Leander Jones, Christopher D. Jones, Donald T. Jones, Donald W. Jones , Linda Jones, Mary S. Jones, Andrew Jordan, Robert Thomas Jordan, Albert Gunnia Joseph, Guylene Joseph, Ingeborg Joseph, Karl Henry Joseph, Stephen Joseph, Jane Eileen Josiah, Anthony Jovic, Angel L. Juarbe, Jr., Karen Sue Juday , Mychal F. Judge, Paul William Jurgens, Thomas Edward Jurgens, Kacinga Kabeya, Shashikiran Lakshmikantha Kadaba, Gavkharoy Kamardinova, Shari Kandell, Howard Lee Kane, Jennifer Lynn Kane, Vincent D. Kane, Joon Koo Kang, Sheldon Robert Kanter, Deborah H. Kaplan, Alvin Peter Kappelmann, Jr., Charles Karczewski, William A. Karnes, Douglas Gene Karpiloff, Charles L. Kasper, Andrew K. Kates , John Katsimatides, Robert Michael Kaulfers, Don Jerome Kauth, Jr., Hideya Kawauchi, Edward T. Keane, Richard M. Keane, Lisa Yvonne Kearney-Griffin, Karol Ann Keasler, Paul Hanlon Keating, Leo Russell Keene III, Joseph John Keller, Peter R. Kellerman, Joseph P. Kellett , Frederick H. Kelley, Jr., James Joseph Kelly, Joseph A. Kelly, Maurice P. Kelly, Richard John Kelly, Jr., Thomas Michael Kelly, Thomas Richard Kelly, Thomas W. Kelly, Timothy Colin Kelly, William Hill Kelly, Jr., Robert Clinton Kennedy, Thomas J. Kennedy, John R. Keohane , Ronald T. Kerwin , Howard L. Kestenbaum, Douglas D. Ketcham, Ruth Ellen Ketler, Boris Khalif, Sarah Khan, Taimour Firaz Khan, Rajesh Khandelwal, Oliva Khemrat, SeiLai Khoo, Michael Kiefer, Satoshi Kikuchihara, Andrew Jay-Hoon Kim, Lawrence D. Kim , Mary Jo Kimelman, Andrew M. King, Lucille Teresa King, Robert King, Jr., Lisa King-Johnson, Takashi Kinoshita, Chris Michael Kirby, Howard Barry Kirschbaum, Glenn Davis Kirwin, Helen Crossin Kittle, Richard Joseph Klares, Peter Anton Klein, Alan David Kleinberg, Karen Joyce Klitzman, Ronald Philip Kloepfer, Evgueni Kniazev, Andrew Knox, Thomas Patrick Knox, Rebecca Lee Koborie, Deborah A. Kobus, Gary Edward Koecheler, Frank J. Koestner, Ryan Kohart, Vanessa Kolpak, Irina Kolpakova, Suzanne Kondratenko, Abdoulaye Kone, Bon-Seok Koo, Dorota Kopiczko , Scott Kopytko, Bojan Kostic, Danielle Kousoulis, John J. Kren, William E. Krukowski, Lyudmila Ksido, Shekhar Kumar, Kenneth Kumpel, Frederick Kuo, Jr., Patricia Kuras, Nauka Kushitani, Thomas Kuveikis , Victor Kwarkye, Kui Fai Kwok, Angela Reed Kyte, Andrew La Corte , Amarnauth Lachhman, James Patrick Ladley, Joseph A. LaFalce, Jeanette Louise Lafond-Menichino , David Laforge, Michael Laforte, Alan Charles LaFrance, Juan Lafuente, Neil Kwong-Wah Lai, Vincent Anthony Laieta, William David Lake, Franco Lalama, Chow Kwan Lam , Stephen LaMantia, Amy Hope Lamonsoff, Nickola Lampley, Robert Lane, Brendan Mark Lang, Rosanne P. Lang , Vanessa Langer, Mary Louise Langley, Peter J. Langone , Thomas Michael Langone , Michele Bernadette Lanza , Ruth Sheila Lapin, Carol Ann LaPlante, Ingeborg Lariby, Robin Blair Larkey, Christopher Randall Larrabee, Hamidou S. Larry, Scott Larsen, John Adam Larson, Gary Edward Lasko, Nicholas Craig Lassman, Paul Laszczynski , Jeffrey G. LaTouche, Charles Laurencin, Stephen James Lauria, Maria LaVache, Denis Francis Lavelle, Jeannine Mary LaVerde, Anna A. Laverty, Steven Lawn, Robert Lawrence , Nathaniel Lawson, Eugen Gabriel Lazar, James Patrick Leahy, Joseph Gerard Leavey, Neil Joseph Leavy, Leon Lebor, Kenneth Charles Ledee, Alan J. Lederman, Elena F. Ledesma, Alexis Leduc, David S. Lee, Gary H. Lee, Hyun Joon Lee, Juanita Lee, Kathryn Blair Lee , Linda C. Lee, Lorraine Mary Lee, Myoung Woo Lee, Richard Y. Lee, Stuart Soo-Jin Lee, Yang Der Lee, Stephen Paul Lefkowitz, Adriana Legro, Edward Joseph Lehman, Eric Andrew Lehrfeld, David Leistman, David Prudencio Lemagne, Joseph Anthony Lenihan, John Joseph Lennon, Jr., John Robinson Lenoir, Jorge Luis Leon, Matthew Gerard Leonard, Michael Lepore, Charles A. Lesperance, Jeff Leveen, John Dennis Levi , Alisha Caren Levin, Neil David Levin, Robert Levine, Robert Michael Levine, Shai Levinhar, Adam Jay Lewis, Margaret Susan Lewis, Ye Wei Liang, Orasri Liangthanasarn, Daniel F. Libretti, Ralph Licciardi, Edward Lichtschein, Steven Barry Lillianthal, Carlos R. Lillo, Craig Damian Lilore, Arnold A. Lim, Darya Lin, Wei Rong Lin, Nickie L. Lindo, Thomas V. Linehan, Jr., Robert Thomas Linnane, Alan P. Linton, Jr., Diane Theresa Lipari, Kenneth Lira, Francisco Alberto Liriano, Lorraine Lisi, Paul Lisson, Vincent M. Litto, Ming-Hao Liu, Nancy Liz, Harold Lizcano, Martin Lizzul, George A. Llanes, Elizabeth C. Logler, Catherine Lisa Loguidice, Jerome Robert Lohez, Michael William Lomax, Laura Maria Longing, Salvatore Lopes, Daniel Lopez, George Lopez, Luis Manuel Lopez, Manuel L. Lopez, Joseph Lostrangio, Chet Dek Louie, Stuart Seid Louis , Joseph Lovero, Jenny Seu Kueng Low Wong, Michael W. Lowe , Garry W. Lozier, John Peter Lozowsky, Charles Peter Lucania, Edward Hobbs Luckett, Mark Gavin Ludvigsen, Lee Charles Ludwig, Sean Thomas Lugano, Daniel Lugo, Marie Lukas, William Lum, Jr., Michael P. Lunden, Christopher Lunder, Anthony Luparello, Gary Frederick Lutnick, William Lutz, Linda Anne Luzzicone, Alexander Lygin, Farrell Peter Lynch, James Francis Lynch, Louise A. Lynch, Michael Cameron Lynch, Michael F. Lynch, Michael Francis Lynch, Richard D. Lynch, Jr., Robert Henry Lynch, Jr., Sean P. Lynch, Sean Patrick Lynch, Michael J. Lyons, Monica Anne Lyons, Patrick Lyons, Robert Francis Mace, Jan Maciejewski, Catherine Fairfax Macrae, Richard Blaine Madden, Simon Maddison Noell Maerz, Jennieann Maffeo, Joseph Maffeo, Jay Robert Magazine, Brian Magee, Charles Wilson Magee, Joseph V. Maggitti, Ronald Magnuson, Daniel L. Maher, Thomas Anthony Mahon, William J. Mahoney, Joseph Daniel Maio, Takashi Makimoto, Abdu Ali Malahi, Debora I. Maldonado, Myrna T. Maldonado-Agosto, Alfred Russell Maler, Gregory James Malone, Edward Francis Maloney III, Joseph Maloney, Gene Edward Maloy, Christian Maltby, Francisco Miguel Mancini, Joseph Mangano , Sara Elizabeth Manley, Debra Mannetta, Marion Victoria Manning, Terence John Manning, James Maounis, Joseph Ross Marchbanks, Jr., Peter Edward Mardikian, Edward Joseph Mardovich, Charles Joseph Margiotta , Kenneth Joseph Marino, Lester V. Marino, Vita Marino, Kevin Marlo, Jose Marrero, John Marshall, James Martello, Michael A. Marti, Peter C. Martin, William J. Martin, Jr., Brian E. Martineau, Betsy Martinez, Edward Martinez , Jose Angel Martinez, Jr., Robert Gabriel Martinez, Victor Martinez Pastrana, Lizie D. Martinez-Calderon, Paul Richard Martini, Joseph A. Mascali, Bernard Mascarenhas, Stephen Frank Masi, Nicholas George Massa, Patricia Ann Massari, Michael Massaroli, Philip William Mastrandrea, Jr., Rudolph Mastrocinque, Joseph Mathai, Charles Mathers, William A. Mathesen, Marcello Matricciano, Margaret Elaine Mattic, Robert D. Mattson, Walter Matuza, Charles A. Mauro, Jr., Charles J. Mauro , Dorothy Mauro, Nancy T. Mauro, Tyrone May, Keithroy Marcellus Maynard, Robert J. Mayo, Kathy Nancy Mazza, Edward Mazzella, Jr., Jennifer Lynn Mazzotta, Kaaria Mbaya, James Joseph McAlary, Brian McAleese, Patricia Ann McAneney, Colin Robert McArthur, John Kevin McAvoy, Kenneth M. McBrayer, Brendan McCabe, Micheal McCabe , Thomas McCann , Justin McCarthy, Kevin M. McCarthy, Michael McCarthy, Robert McCarthy , Stanley McCaskill, Katie Marie McCloskey, Joan McConnell-Cullinan, Charles Austin McCrann, Tonyell F. McDay , Matthew T. McDermott, Joseph P. McDonald, Brian Grady McDonnell, Michael P. McDonnell, John McDowell, Jr., Eamon J. McEneaney, John Thomas McErlean, Jr., Daniel Francis McGinley, Mark Ryan McGinly, William E. McGinn, Thomas Henry MCGinnis, Michael Gregory McGinty, Ann McGovern, Scott Martin McGovern, William McGovern, Stacey Sennas McGowan , Francis Noel McGuinn, Patrick McGuire, Thomas M. McHale, Keith McHeffey, Ann M. McHugh, Denis J. McHugh III, Dennis McHugh, Michael E. McHugh, Robert G. McIlvaine, Donald James McIntyre, Stephanie Marie McKenna, Barry J. McKeon, Evelyn C. McKinnedy, Darryl Leron McKinney, George Patrick McLaughlin, Jr., Robert C. McLaughlin, Jr., Gavin McMahon, Robert D. McMahon, Edmund McNally, Daniel W. McNeal, Walter Arthur McNeil, Jisley McNish, Christine Sheila McNulty, Sean Peter McNulty, Robert McPadden, Terence A. McShane, Timothy Patrick McSweeney, Martin E. McWilliams, Rocco A. Medaglia, Abigail Cales Medina, Ana Iris Medina, Deborah Louise Medwig, Damian Meehan, William J. Meehan, Alok Mehta, Raymond Meisenheimer, Manuel Emilio Mejia, Eskedar Melaku, Antonio Melendez, Mary Melendez, Yelena Melnichenko, Stuart Todd Meltzer, Diarelia Jovanah Mena, Charles Mendez, Lizette Mendoza, Shevonne Olicia Mentis, Steven Mercado, Westly Mercer, Ralph Joseph Mercurio, Alan Harvey Merdinger, George L. Merino, Yamel Merino, George Merkouris, Deborah Merrick , Raymond Joseph Metz III, Jill Ann Metzler, David Robert Meyer, Nurul H. Miah, William Edward Micciulli, Martin Paul Michelstein, Peter Teague Milano, Gregory Milanowycz, Lukasz Tomasz Milewski, Sharon Christina Millan, Corey Peter Miller, Craig James Miller, Douglas Charles Miller, Henry Alfred Miller, Jr., Joel Miller, Michael Matthew Miller, Philip D. Miller, Robert Alan Miller, Robert Cromwell Miller, Jr., Benjamin Millman, Charles Morris Mills, Ronald Keith Milstein, Robert Minara, William George Minardi, Diakite Minata, Louis Joseph Minervino, Thomas Mingione, Wilbert Miraille, Dominick N. Mircovich, Rajesh Arjan Mirpuri, Joseph Mistrulli, Susan J. Miszkowicz, Paul Thomas Mitchell, Richard P. Miuccio, Frank V. Moccia, Sr., Louis Joseph Modafferi, Boyie Mohammed, Dennis Mojica, Manuel Mojica, Kleber Molina, Manuel De Jesus Molina, Carl Molinaro, Justin Molisani, Brian Monaghan, Franklin Monahan, John Monahan, Kristen Montanaro, Craig Montano, Michael Montesi, Jeffrey Montgomery, Peter Montoulieu , Cheryl Ann Monyak, Thomas Moody, Sharon Moore, Krishna Moorthy, Abner Morales, Carlos Manuel Morales, Luis Morales, Paula E. Morales John Moran, John Chrisopher Moran, Kathleen Moran, Lindsay Stapleton Morehouse, George Morell, Steven P. Morello, Vincent S. Morello, Yvette Nicole Moreno, Dorothy Morgan, Richard Morgan, Nancy Morgenstern, Sanae Mori, Blanca Robertina Morocho, Leonel Geronimo Morocho, Dennis Gerard Moroney, Lynne Irene Morris, Seth Allan Morris , Stephen Philip Morris, Christopher Martel Morrison, Jorge Luis Morron Garcia, Ferdinand V. Morrone, William David Moskal, Marco Motroni, Cynthia Motus-Wilson, Iouri A. Mouchinski , Jude Joseph Moussa, Peter Moutos, Damion O'Neil Mowatt, Christopher Mozzillo, Stephen Vincent Mulderry, Richard Muldowney Jr, Michael D. Mullan, Dennis Michael Mulligan, Peter James Mulligan, Michael Joseph Mullin, James Donald Munhall, Nancy Muniz, Carlos Munoz, Frank Munoz, Theresa Munson, Robert M. Murach, Cesar Augusto Murillo, Marc A. Murolo, Brian Joseph Murphy, Charles Anthony Murphy, Christopher W. Murphy, Edward Charles Murphy, James F. Murphy Iv, James Thomas Murphy, Kevin James Murphy, Patrick Sean Murphy, Raymond E. Murphy, Robert Eddie Murphy, Jr., John Joseph Murray, John Joseph Murray, Jr., Susan D. Murray, Valerie Victoria Murray, Richard Todd Myhre, Robert B. Nagel, Takuya Nakamura, Alexander Napier, Frank Joseph Naples III, John Napolitano, Catherine Ann Nardella, Mario Nardone, Jr., Manika K. Narula , Mehmood Naseem, Narender Nath, Karen Susan Navarro, Joseph Micheal Navas, Francis Joseph Nazario, Glenroy I. Neblett , Rayman Marcus Neblett, Jerome O. Nedd, Laurence Nedell, Luke G. Nee, Pete Negron, Ann N. Nelson, David William Nelson, James Nelson, Michele Ann Nelson, Peter Allen Nelson, Oscar Francis Nesbitt, Gerard Terence Nevins, Christopher Newton-Carter, Kapinga Ngalula, Nancy Yuen Ngo, Jody Nichilo, Martin S. Niederer, Alfonse Joseph Niedermeyer, Frank John Niestadt, Jr., Gloria Nieves, Juan Nieves, Jr., Troy Edward Nilsen, Paul Nimbley, John B. Niven, Katherine Marie Noack, Curtis Terrance Noel, Daniel R. Nolan, Robert Noonan, Daniela R. Notaro, Brian Christopher Novotny , Soichi Numata, Brian Felix Nunez, Jose Nunez, Jeffrey Roger Nussbaum, Dennis O'Berg, James P. O'Brien, Jr., Michael P. O'Brien, Scott J. O'Brien, Timothy Michael O'Brien, Daniel O'Callaghan, Dennis James O'Connor, Jr., Diana J. O'Connor, Keith Kevin O'Connor, Richard J. O'Connor, Amy O'Doherty, Marni Pont O'Doherty, James Andrew O'Grady, Thomas O'Hagan, Patrick J. O'Keefe, William O'Keefe, Gerald O'leary, Matthew Timothy O'Mahony, Peter J. O'Neill, Jr., Sean Gordon O'Neill, Kevin O'Rourke, Patrick J. O'Shea, Robert William O'Shea, Timothy F. O'Sullivan, James A. Oakley , Douglas E. Oelschlager, Takashi Ogawa, Albert Ogletree, Philip Paul Ognibene, Joseph J. Ogren, Samuel Oitice, Gerald Michael Olcott, Christine Anne Olender, Linda Mary Oliva, Edward Kraft Oliver, Leah E. Oliver, Eric T. Olsen, Jeffrey James Olsen, Maureen Lyons Olson, Steven John Olson, Toshihiro Onda, Seamus L. O'Neal , John P. Oneill, Frank Oni, Michael C. Opperman, Christopher Orgielewicz, Margaret Orloske, Virginia Anne Ormiston, Ronald Orsini, Peter Ortale, Juan Ortega-Campos, Alexander Ortiz, David Ortiz, Emilio Ortiz, Jr., Pablo Ortiz, Paul Ortiz, Jr., Sonia Ortiz, Masaru Ose, Elsy C. Osorio, James R. Ostrowski, Jason Douglas Oswald, Michael Otten, Isidro D. Ottenwalder, Michael Chung Ou, Todd Joseph Ouida, Jesus Ovalles, Peter J. Owens, Jr., Adianes Oyola, Angel M. Pabon, Israel Pabon, Jr., Roland Pacheco, Michael Benjamin Packer, Rene Padilla-Chavarria, Deepa Pakkala, Jeffrey Matthew Palazzo, Thomas Palazzo, Richard Palazzolo, Orio J. Palmer, Frank Anthony Palombo, Alan N. Palumbo, Christopher Matthew Panatier, Dominique Lisa Pandolfo, Paul J. Pansini, John M. Paolillo, Edward Joseph Papa, Salvatore T. Papasso, James Nicholas Pappageorge, Vinod Kumar Parakat, Vijayashanker Paramsothy, Nitin Parandkar, Hardai Parbhu, James Wendell Parham, Debra Marie Paris, George Paris, Gye Hyong Park, Philip Lacey Parker, Michael Alaine Parkes, Robert E. Parks, Jr., Hashmukhrai C. Parmar, Robert Parro, Diane Marie Parsons, Leobardo Lopez Pascual, Michael Pascuma, Jerrold Paskins, Horace Robert Passananti, Suzanne H. Passaro, Avnish Ramanbhai Patel, Dipti Patel, Manish Patel, Steven Bennett Paterson, James Matthew Patrick, Manuel D. Patrocino, Bernard E. Patterson, Cira Marie Patti, Robert E. Pattison, James Robert Paul, Patrice Paz, Victor Paz-Gutierrez, Stacey Lynn Peak, Richard Allen Pearlman, Durrell V. Pearsall, Thomas Pedicini , Todd Douglas Pelino, Michel Adrian Pelletier, Anthony G. Peluso, Angel Ramon Pena, Richard Al Penny , Salvatore F. Pepe, Carl Peralta, Robert David Peraza, Jon A. Perconti, Alejo Perez, Angel Perez, Jr., Angela Susan Perez, Anthony Perez, Ivan Perez, Nancy E. Perez, Joseph John Perroncino, Edward J. Perrotta, Emelda H. Perry, Glenn C. Perry, John William Perry, Franklin Allan Pershep, Danny Pesce, Michael John Pescherine, Davin Peterson, William Russell Peterson, Mark Petrocelli, Philip Scott Petti, Glen Kerrin Pettit, Dominick Pezzulo, Kaleen Elizabeth Pezzuti, Kevin Pfeifer, Tu-Anh Pham, Kenneth Phelan, Sneha Ann Philips, Gerard Phillips , Suzette Eugenia Piantieri, Ludwig John Picarro, Matthew M. Picerno, Joseph Oswald Pick, Christopher Pickford, Dennis J. Pierce, Bernard Pietronico, Nicholas P. Pietrunti, Theodoros Pigis, Susan Elizabeth Pinto, Joseph Piskadlo, Christopher Todd Pitman, Joshua Piver, Joseph Plumitallo, John Pocher, William Howard Pohlmann, Laurence Polatsch, Thomas H. Polhemus, Steve Pollicino, Susan M. Pollio, Joshua Iousa Poptean, Giovanna Porras , Anthony Portillo, James Edward Potorti, Daphne Pouletsos, Richard N. Poulos, Stephen Emanual Poulos, Brandon Jerome Powell, Shawn Edward Powell, Antonio Pratt, Gregory M. Preziose, Wanda Ivelisse Prince, Vincent Princiotta, Kevin Prior, Everett Martin Proctor III, Carrie Beth Progen, Sarah Prothero-Redheffer , David Lee Pruim , Richard Prunty, John Foster Puckett, Robert David Pugliese, Edward F. Pullis, Patricia Ann Puma, Hemanth Kumar Puttur, Edward R. Pykon , Christopher Quackenbush , Lars Peter Qualben, Lincoln Quappe, Beth Ann Quigley , Michael Quilty, James Francis Quinn, Ricardo J. Quinn, Carlos Quishpe-Cuaman, Carol Millicent Rabalais, Christopher Peter A. Racaniello, Leonard J. Ragaglia, Eugene Raggio, Laura Marie Ragonese-Snik, Michael Ragusa, Peter Frank Raimondi, Harry A. Raines, Ehtesham Raja, Valsa Raju, Edward Rall, Lukas Rambousek, Maria Ramirez, Harry Ramos, Vishnoo Ramsaroop, Lorenzo E. Ramzey, Alfred Todd Rancke, Adam David Rand, Jonathan C. Randall, Srinivasa Shreyas Ranganath, Anne T. Ransom, Faina Aronovna Rapoport , Robert A. Rasmussen, Amenia Rasool, Roger Mark Rasweiler, David Alan Rathkey, William Ralph Raub, Gerard P. Rauzi, Alexey Razuvaev , Gregory Reda, Michele Reed, Judith Ann Reese, Donald J. Regan, Robert M. Regan , Thomas Michael Regan, Christian Michael Otto Regenhard, Howard Reich, Gregg Reidy, James Brian Reilly, Kevin O. Reilly, Timothy E. Reilly, Joseph Reina, Jr., Thomas Barnes Reinig, Frank Bennett Reisman, Joshua Scott Reiss, Karen Renda, John Armand Reo, Richard Cyril Rescorla, John Thomas Resta, Luis Clodoaldo Revilla, Eduvigis Reyes, Jr., Bruce Albert Reynolds, John Frederick Rhodes, Francis Saverio Riccardelli, Rudolph N. Riccio, Ann Marie Riccoboni, David H. Rice, Eileen Mary Rice , Kenneth Frederick Rice III, Vernon Allan Richard, Claude Daniel Richards, Gregory David Richards, Michael Richards , Venesha Orintia Richards , James C. Riches , Alan Jay Richman, John M. Rigo, Theresa Risco, Rose Mary Riso, Moises N. Rivas, Joseph Rivelli, Carmen Alicia Rivera, Isaias Rivera, Juan William Rivera, Linda Ivelisse Rivera, David E. Rivers, Joseph R. Riverso, Paul V. Rizza, John Frank Rizzo , Stephen Louis Roach, Joseph Roberto, Leo Arthur Roberts, Michael Roberts, Michael Edward Roberts, Donald Walter Robertson, Jr., Catherina Robinson, Jeffery Robinson, Michell Lee Jean Robotham, Donald A. Robson, Antonio A. Rocha, Raymond James Rocha, Laura Rockefeller, John Rodak, Antonio J. Rodrigues, Anthony Rodriguez, Carmen Milagros Rodriguez, Gregory Ernesto Rodriguez, Marsha A. Rodriguez, Mayra Valdes Rodriguez, Richard Rodriguez, David Bartolo Rodriguez-Vargas, Matthew Rogan, Karlie Barbara Rogers, Scott Williams Rohner, Keith Roma, Joseph M. Romagnolo, Efrain Romero, Sr., Elvin Romero, Juan Romero , Orozco James A. Romito , Sean Paul Rooney, Eric Thomas Ropiteau, Aida Rosario, Angela Rosario, Wendy Alice Rosario Wakeford, Mark Rosen, Brooke David Rosenbaum, Linda Rosenbaum, Sheryl Lynn Rosenbaum, Lloyd Daniel Rosenberg, Mark Louis Rosenberg, Andrew Ira Rosenblum, Joshua M. Rosenblum, Joshua Alan Rosenthal, Richard David Rosenthal, Daniel Rosetti, Norman S. Rossinow, Nicholas P. Rossomando, Michael Craig Rothberg, Donna Marie Rothenberg, Nicholas Rowe, Timothy Alan Roy, Sr., Paul G. Ruback, Ronald J. Ruben, Joanne Rubino, David M. Ruddle, Bart Joseph Ruggiere, Susan A. Ruggiero, Adam Keith Ruhalter, Gilbert Ruiz, Obdulio Ruiz Diaz, Stephen P. Russell, Steven Harris Russin, Michael Thomas Russo, Sr., Wayne Alan Russo, Edward Ryan, John Joseph Ryan, Jr., Jonathan Stephan Ryan, Matthew Lancelot Ryan, Tatiana Ryjova, Christina Sunga Ryook, Thierry Saada, Jason Elazar Sabbag, Thomas E. Sabella, Scott Saber, Joseph Francis Sacerdote, Neeraha Sadaranghgani , Mohammad Ali Sadeque, Francis John Sadocha, Jude Safi, Brock Joel Safronoff, Edward Saiya, John Patrick Salamone, Hernando Salas, Juan G. Salas, Esmerlin Antonio Salcedo , John Salvatore Salerno, Jr., Richard L. Salinardi, Jr., Wayne John Saloman, Nolbert Salomon, Catherine Patricia Salter, Frank Salvaterra, Paul Richard Salvio, Samuel Robert Salvo, Jr., Rena Sam-Dinnoo, Carlos Alberto Samaniego, James Kenneth Samuel, Jr., Michael San Phillip, Sylvia San Pio, Hugo M. Sanay, Erick Sanchez, Jacquelyn Patrice Sanchez, Eric M. Sand, Stacey Leigh Sanders, Herman S. Sandler, James Sands, Jr., Ayleen J. Santiago, Kirsten Santiago, Maria Theresa Santillan, Susan Gayle Santo, Christopher Santora, John A. Santore, Mario L. Santoro, Rafael Humberto Santos, Rufino Conrado Flores Santos Iii, Jorge Octavio Santos Anaya, Kalyan Sarkar, Chapelle R. Sarker, Paul F. Sarle, Deepika Kumar Sattaluri, Gregory Thomas Saucedo, Susan M. Sauer, Anthony Savas, Vladimir Savinkin, Jackie Sayegh, John Michael Sbarbaro, Robert L. Scandole, Jr., Michelle Scarpitta, Dennis Scauso, John Albert Schardt, John G. Scharf, Frederick Claude Scheffold, Jr., Angela Susan Scheinberg , Scott Mitchell Schertzer, Sean Schielke, Steven Francis Schlag, Jon Schlissel, Karen Helene Schmidt, Ian Schneider, Thomas G. Schoales, Frank G. Schott, Jr., Gerard Patrick Schrang, Jeffrey H. Schreier, John T. Schroeder, Susan Lee Schuler, Edward William Schunk, Mark E. Schurmeier, Clarin Shellie Schwartz, John Burkhart Schwartz, Mark Schwartz, Adriane Victoria Scibetta, Raphael Scorca, Randolph Scott, Sheila Scott , Christopher Jay Scudder, Arthur Warren Scullin, Michael Herman Seaman, Margaret M. Seeliger, Anthony Segarra, Carlos Segarra, Jason Sekzer, Matthew Carmen Sellitto, Howard Selwyn, Larry John Senko, Arturo Angelo Sereno, Frankie Serrano, Alena Sesinova, Adele Christine Sessa, Sita Nermalla Sewnarine, Karen Lynn Seymour, Davis Sezna, Thomas Joseph Sgroi, Jayesh S. Shah, Khalid M. Shahid , Mohammed Shajahan, Gary Shamay, Earl Richard Shanahan, Neil Shastri, Kathryn Anne Shatzoff, Barbara A. Shaw , Jeffrey James Shaw, Robert John Shay, Jr., Daniel James Shea, Joseph Patrick Shea, Linda Sheehan, Hagay Shefi, John Anthony Sherry, Atsushi Shiratori, Thomas Joseph Shubert, Mark Shulman, See Wong Shum , Allan Abraham Shwartzstein, Johanna Sigmund, Dianne T. Signer , Gregory Sikorsky , Stephen Gerard Siller, David Silver, Craig A. Silverstein, Nasima Hameed Simjee, Bruce Edward Simmons, Arthur Simon, Kenneth Alan Simon, Michael J. Simon , Paul Joseph Simon, Marianne Teresa Simone, Barry Simowitz, Jeff Lyal Simpson, Khamladai Singh , Kulwant Singh, Roshan Ramesh Singh, Thomas E. Sinton III, Peter A. Siracuse, Muriel Fay Siskopoulos, Joseph Michael Sisolak, John P. Skala, Francis Joseph Skidmore, Jr., Toyena Skinner, Paul A. Skrzypek , Christopher Paul Slattery, Vincent Robert Slavin, Robert F. Sliwak, Paul K. Sloan, Stanley S. Smagala, Jr., Wendy L. Small, Catherine Smith, Daniel Laurence Smith, George Eric Smith, James Gregory Smith, Jeffrey R. Smith, Joyce Patricia Smith, Karl T. Smith, Keisha Smith, Kevin Joseph Smith, Leon Smith, Jr., Moira Ann Smith, Rosemary A. Smith, Bonnie Jeanne Smithwick , Rochelle Monique Snell, Leonard J. Snyder, Jr., Astrid Elizabeth Sohan, Sushil S. Solanki , Ruben Solares, Naomi Leah Solomon, Daniel W. Song, Michael Charles Sorresse , Fabian Soto, Timothy Patrick Soulas, Gregory Spagnoletti, Donald F. Spampinato, Jr., Thomas Sparacio, John Anthony Spataro, Robert W. Spear, Jr., Maynard S. Spence, Jr., George Edward Spencer III, Robert Andrew Spencer, Mary Rubina Sperando, Tina Spicer, Frank Spinelli, William E. Spitz, Joseph Spor, Jr., Klaus Johannes Sprockamp, Saranya Srinuan, Fitzroy St. Rose, Michael F. Stabile, Lawrence T. Stack, Timothy M. Stackpole, Richard James Stadelberger, Eric Stahlman, Gregory Stajk, Alexandru Liviu Stan, Corina Stan, Mary Domenica Stanley, Anthony Starita, Jeffrey Stark, Derek James Statkevicus , Craig William Staub, William V. Steckman, Eric Thomas Steen, William R. Steiner, Alexander Steinman, Andrew Stergiopoulos, Andrew Stern, Martha Stevens, Michael James Stewart, Richard H. Stewart, Jr., Sanford M. Stoller, Lonny Jay Stone, Jimmy Nevill Storey, Timothy Stout, Thomas Strada, James J. Straine, Jr., Edward W. Straub, George J. Strauch, Jr., Edward T. Strauss, Steven R. Strauss, Steven F. Strobert, Walwyn W. Stuart, Jr., Benjamin Suarez , David Scott Suarez, Ramon Suarez, Yoichi Sugiyama, William Christopher Sugra, Daniel Suhr, David Marc Sullins, Christopher P. Sullivan, Patrick Sullivan, Thomas Sullivan, Hilario Soriano Sumaya, Jr., James Joseph Suozzo, Colleen Supinski , Robert Sutcliffe, Seline Sutter, Claudia Suzette Sutton, John Francis Swaine, Kristine M. Swearson, Brian Edward Sweeney, Kenneth J. Swenson, Thomas Swift, Derek Ogilvie Sword, Kevin Thomas Szocik, Gina Sztejnberg, Norbert P. Szurkowski, Harry Taback, Joann Tabeek, Norma C. Taddei , Michael Taddonio, Keiichiro Takahashi, Keiji Takahashi, Phyllis Gail Talbot, Robert Talhami, Sean Patrick Tallon, Paul Talty, Maurita Tam, Rachel Tamares, Hector Tamayo, Michael Andrew Tamuccio, Kenichiro Tanaka, Rhondelle Cheri Tankard, Michael Anthony Tanner, Dennis Gerard Taormina, Jr., Kenneth Joseph Tarantino , Allan Tarasiewicz, Ronald Tartaro, Darryl Anthony Taylor, Donnie Brooks Taylor, Lorisa Ceylon Taylor, Michael Morgan Taylor, Paul A. Tegtmeier, Yeshauant Tembe, Anthony Tempesta, Dorothy Pearl Temple, Stanley Temple, David Tengelin, Brian John Terrenzi, Lisa M. Terry, Shell Tester , Goumatie T. Thackurdeen , Sumati Thakur, Harshad Sham Thatte, Thomas F. Theurkauf, Jr., Lesley Anne Thomas, Brian Thomas Thompson, Clive Thompson, Glenn Thompson , Nigel Bruce Thompson, Perry A. Thompson, Vanavah Alexei Thompson, William H. Thompson, Eric Raymond Thorpe, Nichola Angela Thorpe, Sal Edward Tieri, Jr., John p Tierney, Mary Ellen Tiesi, William R. Tieste , Kenneth Francis Tietjen, Stephen Edward Tighe, Scott Charles Timmes, Michael E. Tinley , Jennifer M. Tino, Robert Frank Tipaldi, John James Tipping II, David Tirado, Hector Luis Tirado, Jr., Michelle Lee Titolo, John J. Tobin, Richard Todisco, Vladimir Tomasevic, Stephen Kevin Tompsett, Thomas Tong, Doris Torres, Luis Eduardo Torres, Amy Elizabeth Toyen, Christopher Michael Traina, Daniel Patrick Trant, Abdoul Karim Traore, Glenn J. Travers, Walter Philip Travers, Felicia Y. Traylor-Bass, Lisa L. Trerotola, Karamo Trerra, Michael Angel Trinidad, Francis Joseph Trombino, Gregory James Trost, William P. Tselepis, Zhanetta Valentinovna Tsoy, Michael Tucker, Lance Richard Tumulty, Ching Ping Tung, Simon James Turner, Donald Joseph Tuzio, Robert T. Twomey, Jennifer Tzemis, John G. Ueltzhoeffer, Tyler V. Ugolyn, Michael A. Uliano, Jonathan J. Uman, Anil Shivhari Umarkar, Allen V. Upton, Diane Marie Urban, John Damien Vaccacio, Bradley Hodges Vadas, Renuta Vaidea , William Valcarcel , Felix Antonio Vale, Ivan Vale, Benito Valentin, Santos Valentin, Jr., Carlton Francis Valvo II, Erica H. Van Acker, Kenneth W. Van Auken, Richard B. Van Hine, Daniel M. Van Laere, Edward Raymond Vanacore, Jon C. Vandevander, Barrett Vanvelzer, 4 , Edward Vanvelzer , Paul Herman Vanvelzer, Frederick Thomas Varacchi, Gopalakrishnan Varadhan , David Vargas, Scott C. Vasel, Azael Ismael Vasquez, Arcangel Vazquez, Santos Vazquez, Peter Anthony Vega, Sankara S. Velamuri, Jorge Velazquez, Lawrence G. Veling, Anthony Mark Ventura, David Vera, Loretta Ann Vero , Christopher James Vialonga, Matthew Gilbert Vianna, Robert Anthony Vicario, Celeste Torres Victoria, Joanna Vidal, John T. Vigiano II , Joseph Vincent Vigiano, Frank J. Vignola, Jr., Joseph Barry Vilardo, Sergio Villanueva, Chantal Vincelli, Melissa Vincent, Francine Ann Virgilio, Lawrence Virgilio, Joseph Gerard Visciano, Joshua S. Vitale, Maria Percoco Vola, Lynette D. Vosges, Garo H. Voskerijian, Alfred Vukosa, Gregory Kamal Bruno Wachtler, Gabriela Waisman, Courtney Wainsworth Walcott, Victor Wald, Benjamin James Walker, Glen Wall, Mitchel Scott Wallace, Peter Guyder Wallace, Robert Francis Wallace, Roy Michael Wallace, Jeanmarie Wallendorf, Matthew Blake Wallens, John Wallice, Jr., Barbara P. Walsh, James Henry Walsh, Jeffrey P. Walz, Ching Wang, Weibin Wang, Michael Warchola, Stephen Gordon Ward, James Arthur Waring, Brian G. Warner, Derrick Washington, Charles Waters, James Thomas Waters, Jr., Patrick J. Waters , Kenneth Thomas Watson, Michael Henry Waye, Todd Christopher Weaver , Walter Edward Weaver, Nathaniel Webb, Dinah Webster, Joanne Flora Weil, Michael T. Weinberg, Steven Weinberg , Scott Jeffrey Weingard, Steven George Weinstein , Simon Weiser, David M. Weiss, David Thomas Weiss, Vincent Michael Wells, Timothy Matthew Welty, Christian Hans Rudolf Wemmers, Ssu-Hui Wen, Oleh D. Wengerchuk, Peter M. West, Whitfield West, Jr., Meredith Lynn Whalen, Eugene Whelan, Adam S. White, Edward James White III, James Patrick White, John Sylvester White, Kenneth Wilburn White, Jr., Leonard Anthony White, Malissa Y. White, Wayne White, Leanne Marie Whiteside, Mark P. Whitford, Michael T. Wholey, Mary Catherine Wieman, Jeffrey David Wiener, Wilham J. Wik, Alison Marie Wildman, Glenn E. Wilkenson, John C. Willett, Brian Patrick Williams, Crossley Richard Williams, Jr., David J. Williams , Deborah Lynn Williams, Kevin Michael Williams, Louie Anthony Williams, Louis Calvin Williams III, John P. Williamson, Donna Ann Wilson, William Wilson, David Harold Winton, Glenn J. Winuk, Thomas Francis Wise, Alan L. Wisniewski, Frank Thomas Wisniewski, David Wiswall, Sigrid Wiswe, Michael Wittenstein, Christopher W. Wodenshek, Martin P. Wohlforth, Katherine Susan Wolf, Jennifer Yen Wong, Siu Cheung Wong, Yin Ping Wong, Yuk Ping Wong, Brent James Woodall, James John Woods, Patrick J. Woods , Richard Herron Woodwell, David Terence Wooley, John Bentley Works, Martin Michael Wortley, Rodney James Wotton, William Wren, John Wayne Wright, Neil Robin Wright, Sandra Lee Wright, Jupiter Yambem, Suresh Yanamadala, Matthew David Yarnell, Myrna Yaskulka, Shakila Yasmin, Olabisi Shadie Layeni Yee, William Yemele, Edward P. York, Kevin Patrick York, Raymond R. York , Suzanne Youmans, Barrington Young , Jacqueline Young, Elkin Yuen, Joseph C. Zaccoli, Adel Agayby Zakhary, Arkady Zaltsman, Edwin J. Zambrana, Jr., Robert Alan Zampieri, Mark Zangrilli, Ira Zaslow, Kenneth Albert Zelman, Abraham J. Zelmanowitz, Martin Morales Zempoaltecatl, Zhe Zeng, Marc Scott Zeplin, Jie Yao Justin Zhao, Ivelin Ziminski, Michael Joseph Zinzi, Charles A. Zion, Julie Lynne Zipper, Salvatore Zisa, Prokopios Paul Zois, Joseph J. Zuccala, Andrew S. Zucker, Igor Zukelman, Anna Allison, David Lawrence Angell, Lynn Edwards Angell , Seima Aoyama , Barbara Jean Arestegui , Myra Joy Aronson, Christine Barbuto, Carolyn Beug, Kelly Ann Booms , Carol Marie Bouchard, Robin Lynne Kaplan, Neilie Anne Heffernan Casey, Jeffrey Dwayne Collman , Jeffrey W. Coombs, Tara Kathleen Creamer , Thelma Cuccinello, Patrick Currivan , Brian Paul Dale , David Dimeglio , Donald Americo Ditullio , Alberto Dominguez, Paige Marie Farley-Hackel, Alexander Milan Filipov, Carol Ann Flyzik , Paul J. Friedman , Karleton D.B. Fyfe, Peter Alan Gay , Linda M. George , Edmund Glazer , Lisa Reinhart Gordenstein , Andrew Peter Charles Curry Green , Peter Paul Hashem , Robert Jay Hayes, Edward R. Hennessy, Jr. , John A. Hofer, Cora Hidalgo Holland, John Nicholas Humber, Jr. , Waleed Joseph Iskandar , John Charles Jenkins, Charles Edward Jones, Barbara A. Keating , David P. Kovalcin, Judith Camilla Larocque , Natalie Janis Lasden, Daniel John Lee , Daniel M. Lewin , Sara Elizabeth Low, Susan A. Mackay, Karen Ann Martin , Thomas F. McGuinness, Jr., Christopher D. Mello , Jeffrey Peter Mladenik, Carlos Alberto Montoya , Antonio Jesus Montoya Valdes, Laura Lee Morabito , Mildred Naiman , Laurie Ann Neira , Renee Lucille Newell , Kathleen Ann Nicosia, Jacqueline June Norton , Robert Grant Norton, John Ogonowski , Betty Ann Ong, Jane M. Orth, Thomas Nicholas Pecorelli, Berinthia B. Perkins, Sonia M. Puopolo, David E. Retik, Jean Destrehan Roger, Philip Martin Rosenzweig , Richard Barry Ross , Jessica Leigh Sachs , Rahma Salie, Heather Lee Smith, Dianne Bullis Snyder , Douglas Joel Stone , Xavier Suarez, Madeline Amy Sweeney , Michael Theodoridis, James Anthony Trentini, Mary Barbara Trentini, Pendyala Vamsikrishna , Mary Alice Wahlstrom, Kenneth Waldie , John Joseph Wenckus, Candace Lee Williams, Christopher Rudolph Zarba, Jr., Alona Abraham , Garnet Edward Bailey, Mark Lawrence Bavis, Graham Andrew Berkeley , Touri Bolourchi , Klaus Bothe , Daniel Raymond Brandhorst , David Reed Gamboa Brandhorst, John Brett Cahill , Christoffer Mikael Carstanjen, John J. Corcoran III, Dorothy Alma de Araujo , Ana Gloria Pocasangre Debarrera , Robert John Fangman, Lisa Anne Frost , Ronald Gamboa , Lynn Catherine Goodchild , Peter M. Goodrich, Douglas Alan Gowell , Francis Edward Grogan , Carl Max Hammond, Jr. , Christine Lee Hanson, Peter Burton Hanson , Susan Kim Hanson , Gerald Francis Hardacre , Eric Hartono, James Edward Hayden , Herbert Wilson Homer, Michael Robert Horrocks , Robert Adrien Jalbert, Amy N. Jarret, Ralph Kershaw , Heinrich Kimmig , Amy R. King, Brian Kinney, Kathryn L. LaBorie, Robert G. Leblanc, Maclovio Lopez, Jr. , Marianne Macfarlane, Alfred Gilles Marchand, Louis Mariani, Juliana McCourt, Ruth Magdaline McCourt , Wolfgang Peter Menzel, Shawn M. Nassaney, Marie Pappalardo, Patrick J. Quigley IV, Frederick Charles Rimmele III , James Roux, Jesus Sanchez , Victor J. Saracini , Mary Kathleen Shearer, Robert M. Shearer, Jane Louise Simpkin, Brian David Sweeney, Michael C. Tarrou, Alicia N. Titus, Timothy Ray Ward, William Michael Weems, SPC Craig S. Amundson, USA, YN3 Melissa Rose Barnes, USN, MSG Max J. Beilke, Retired, IT2 Kris Romeo Bishundat, USN, Carrie R. Blagburn, COL Canfield D. Boone, ARNG, Donna M. Bowen, Allen P. Boyle, ET3 Christopher L. Burford, USN, ET3 Daniel M. Caballero, USN, SFC Jose O. Calderon-Olmedo, USA, Angelene C. Carter, Sharon A. Carver, SFC John J. Chada, USA, Retired, Rosa Maria Chapa, Julian T. Cooper, LCDR Eric A. Cranford, USN, Ada M. Davis, CAPT Gerald F. DeConto, USN, LTC Jerry D. Dickerson, USA, IT1 Johnnie Doctor, Jr., USN, CAPT Robert E. Dolan, Jr., USN, CDR William H. Donovan, USN, CDR Patrick Dunn, USN, AG1 Edward T. Earhart, USN, LCDR Robert R. Elseth, USNR, SK3 Jamie L. Fallon, USN, Amelia V. Fields, Gerald P. Fisher, AG2 Matthew M. Flocco, USN, Sandra N. Foster, CAPT Lawrence D. Getzfred, USN, Cortez Ghee, Brenda C. Gibson, COL Ronald F. Golinski, USA, Retired, Diane Hale-McKinzy, Carolyn B. Halmon, Sheila M.S. Hein, ET1 Ronald J. Hemenway, USN, MAJ Wallace Cole Hogan, Jr., USA, SSG Jimmie I. Holley, USA, Retired, Angela M. Houtz, Brady Kay Howell, Peggie M. Hurt, LTC Stephen N. Hyland, Jr., USA, Lt Col Robert J. Hymel, USAF, Retired, SGM Lacey B. Ivory, USA, LTC Dennis M. Johnson, USA, Judith L. Jones, Brenda Kegler, LT Michael S. Lamana, USN, David W. Laychak, Samantha L. Lightbourn-Allen, MAJ Stephen V. Long, USA, James T. Lynch, Jr., Terence M. Lynch, OS2 Nehamon Lyons IV, USN, Shelley A. Marshall, Teresa M. Martin, Ada L. Mason-Acker, LTC Dean E. Mattson, USA, LTG Timothy J. Maude, USA, Robert J. Maxwell, Molly L. McKenzie, Patricia E. Mickley, MAJ Ronald D. Milam, USA, Gerard P. Moran, Jr., Odessa V. Morris, ET1 Brian A. Moss, USN, Teddington H. Moy, LCDR Patrick J. Murphy, USNR, Khang Ngoc Nguyen, DM2 Michael A. Noeth, USN, Ruben S. Ornedo, Diana B. Padro, LT Jonas M. Panik, USNR, MAJ Clifford L. Patterson, Jr., USA, LT Darin H. Pontell, USNR, Scott Powell, CAPT Jack D. Punches, USN, Retired, AW1 Joseph J. Pycior, Jr., USN, Deborah A. Ramsaur, Rhonda Sue Rasmussen , IT1 Marsha D. Ratchford, USN, Martha M. Reszke, Cecelia E. (Lawson) Richard, Edward V. Rowenhorst, Judy Rowlett, SGM Robert E. Russell, USA, Retired, CW4 William R. Ruth, ARNG, Charles E. Sabin, Sr., Marjorie C. Salamone, COL David M. Scales, USA, CDR Robert A. Schlegel, USN, Janice M. Scott, LTC Michael L. Selves, USA, Retired, Marian H. Serva, CDR Dan F. Shanower, USN, Antionette M. Sherman, Diane M. Simmons, Cheryle D. Sincock, ITC Gregg H. Smallwood, USN, LTC Gary F. Smith, USA, Retired, Patricia J. Statz, Edna L. Stephens, SGM Larry L. Strickland, USA, LTC Kip P. Taylor, USA, Sandra C. Taylor, LTC Karl W. Teepe, USA, Retired, SGT Tamara C. Thurman, USA, LCDR Otis V. Tolbert, USN, SSG Willie Q. Troy, USA, Retired, LCDR Ronald J. Vauk, USNR, LTC Karen J. Wagner, USA, Meta L. (Fuller) Waller, SPC Chin Sun Pak Wells, USA, SSG Maudlyn A. White, USA, Sandra L. White, Ernest M. Willcher, LCDR David L. Williams, USN, MAJ Dwayne Williams, USA, RMC Marvin Roger Woods, USN, Retired, IT2 Kevin W. Yokum, USN, ITC Donald M. Young, USN, Edmond G. Young, Jr., Lisa L. Young, Paul W. Ambrose, Yeneneh Betru, Mary Jane Booth, Bernard C. Brown, II, CAPT Charles F. Burlingame III, USNR, Retired, Suzanne M. Calley, William E. Caswell, David M. Charlebois, Sarah M. Clark, Asia S. Cottom, James D. Debeuneure, Rodney Dickens, Eddie A. Dillard, LCDR Charles A. Droz III, USN, Retired, Barbara G. Edwards, Charles S. Falkenberg, Dana Falkenberg, Zoe Falkenberg, J. Joseph Ferguson, Darlene E. Flagg, RADM Wilson F. Flagg, USNR, Retired, 1stLt Richard P. Gabriel, USMC, Retired, Ian J. Gray, Stanley R. Hall, Michele M. Heidenberger, Bryan C. Jack, Steven D. Jacoby, Ann C. Judge, Chandler R. Keller, Yvonne E. Kennedy, Norma Cruz Khan, Karen Ann Kincaid, Dong Chul Lee, Jennifer Lewis, Kenneth E. Lewis, Renee A. May, Dora Marie Menchaca, Christopher C. Newton, Barbara K. Olson, Ruben S. Ornedo, Robert Penninger, Robert R. Ploger III, Zandra F. Ploger , Lisa J. Raines, Todd H. Reuben, John P. Sammartino, George W. Simmons, Donald D. Simmons, Mari-Rae Sopper, Robert Speisman, Norma Lang Steuerle, Hilda E. Taylor, Leonard E. Taylor, Sandra D. Teague, Leslie A. Whittington, CAPT John D. Yamnicky, Sr., USN, Retired, Vicki Yancey, Shuyin Yang, Yuguag Zheng, Christian Adams, Lorraine G. Bay, Todd Beamer, Alan Beaven, Mark K. Bingham, Deora Frances Bodley, Sandra W. Bradshaw, Marion Britton, Thomas E. Burnett Jr., William Cashman, Georgine Rose Corrigan, Patricia Cushing, Jason Dahl, Joseph Deluca, Patrick Driscoll, Edward Porter Felt, Jane C. Folger, Colleen Fraser, Andrew Garcia, Jeremy Glick, Lauren Grandcolas, Wanda A. Green, Donald F. Greene, Linda Gronlund, Richard Guadagno, Leroy Homer, Jr., Toshiya Kuge, CeeCee Lyles, Hilda Marcin, Waleska Martinez , Nicole Miller, Louis J. Nacke, II, Donald Arthur Peterson, Jean Hoadley Peterson, Mark Rothenberg, Christine Snyder, John Talignani, Honor Elizabeth Wainio, Deborah Ann Jacobs Welsh, Kristin Gould White